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    1. Neuroscience

    An inhibitory gate for state transition in cortex

    Stefano Zucca et al.
    Two major subtypes of cortical interneurons, the PV and the SST positive cells, causally contribute to the regulation of large-scale state transitions in the cortex.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Maf and Mafb control mouse pallial interneuron fate and maturation through neuropsychiatric disease gene regulation

    Emily Ling-Lin Pai et al.
    Maf and Mafb differentially regulate MGE-derived cortical and hippocampal interneuron subtype and regional fate in part through promoting the expression of Mef2c and Pnoc during mouse embryonic neurogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perineuronal nets control visual input via thalamic recruitment of cortical PV interneurons

    Giulia Faini et al.
    Accumulation of perineuronal nets around parvalbumin (PV)-positive inhibitory interneurons closes visual cortical plasticity by selectively down-regulating thalamic synapses onto PV cells in a sensory-dependent manner.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Induction of human somatostatin and parvalbumin neurons by expressing a single transcription factor LIM homeobox 6

    Fang Yuan et al.
    Inducing expression of a single transcription factor LIM homeobox 6 showed efficient generation of human parvalbumin and somatostatin interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stxbp1/Munc18-1 haploinsufficiency impairs inhibition and mediates key neurological features of STXBP1 encephalopathy

    Wu Chen et al.
    Two genetically distinct Stxbp1 haploinsufficiency mouse models exhibit seizures and impairments in cognitive, psychiatric, and motor functions, representing robust preclinical models of STXBP1 encephalopathy with both construct and face validity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Defective synaptic transmission causes disease signs in a mouse model of juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis

    Benedikt Grünewald et al.
    Impaired GABAergic and glutamatergic synaptic function and loss of interneurons in the amygdala, hippocampus, and cerebellum cause characteristic disease symptoms in a mouse model juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning excitatory-inhibitory neuronal assemblies in recurrent networks

    Owen Mackwood et al.
    The synaptic structure in mouse V1 is explained by a synergy of homeostatic plasticity in incoming and outgoing synapses of inhibitory interneurons, establishing a stimulus-specific balance of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    An alternative splicing switch shapes neurexin repertoires in principal neurons versus interneurons in the mouse hippocampus

    Thi-Minh Nguyen et al.
    Interneuron-specific alternative splice variants of the synaptic receptor neurexin are critical for hippocampal network activity and short-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered hippocampal interneuron activity precedes ictal onset

    Mitra L Miri et al.
    GABAergic interneuron populations in the hippocampus exhibit cell-type-specific patterns of disruption in advance of seizure onset.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local axonal morphology guides the topography of interneuron myelination in mouse and human neocortex

    Jeffrey Stedehouder et al.
    The joint combination of interbranch distance and local caliber is sufficient to predict with high accuracy the distribution of myelin internodes along individual axons of neocortical GABAergic interneurons.