14 results found
    1. Ecology

    Migration confers winter survival benefits in a partially migratory songbird

    Daniel Zúñiga et al.
    Testing of fitness-related benefits in migratory population of European blackbirds offers confirming predictions of theoretical models on the evolution and maintenance of migration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning: The cerebellum influences vocal timing

    Court Hull
    We are starting to understand how the cerebellum contributes to vocal learning in songbirds.
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    1. Cell Biology

    Selective sorting and destruction of mitochondrial membrane proteins in aged yeast

    Adam L Hughes et al.
    A new mitochondrial protein degradation pathway selectively sorts and destroys a subset of the mitochondrial membrane proteome to protect mitochondria in times of stress.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals

    Allison J Shultz, Timothy B Sackton
    Pathogens, particularly viruses, target the same genes over deep evolutionary time, resulting in shared signatures of positive selection and transcriptional responses at the same genes.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Select forelimb muscles have evolved superfast contractile speed to support acrobatic social displays

    Matthew J Fuxjager et al.
    In situ measurements of muscular twitch speed reveal one of the fastest vertebrate limb muscles on record, which evolved in association with extravagant courtship displays that include rapid limb movements.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    FoxP2 isoforms delineate spatiotemporal transcriptional networks for vocal learning in the zebra finch

    Zachary Daniel Burkett et al.
    Basal ganglia gene coexpression patterns shift across the sensorimotor critical period for vocal learning.
    1. Ecology

    Meta-analysis challenges a textbook example of status signalling and demonstrates publication bias

    Alfredo Sánchez-Tójar et al.
    Meta-analysis takes down a textbook example in behavioural and evolutionary ecology, and demonstrates the existence of biases in the current scientific publishing culture.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ferritinophagy via NCOA4 is required for erythropoiesis and is regulated by iron dependent HERC2-mediated proteolysis

    Joseph D Mancias et al.
    NCOA4, the ferritin autophagy receptor, is regulated by HERC2 in an iron-dependent manner and is critical for red blood cell development.
    1. Ecology

    Oxygen isotopes suggest elevated thermometabolism within multiple Permo-Triassic therapsid clades

    Kévin Rey et al.
    Two therapsid clades, dicynodonts and cynodonts, independently acquired and developed an endotherm-like thermoregulation during the Late Permian period, that probably helped them to survive the major global climate and environmental fluctuations of the end-Permian.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Characterization of the finch embryo supports evolutionary conservation of the naive stage of development in amniotes

    Siu-Shan Mak et al.
    Finch embryos are laid at an earlier stage than other avian embryos and contain cells with similar properties to pluripotent embryonic stem cells from mice.

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