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    1. Neuroscience

    Characterization of small fiber pathology in a mouse model of Fabry disease

    Lukas Hofmann et al.
    Globotriaosylcermide directly impacts neuronal integrity and ion channel function as potential mechanism underlying small fiber pathology in Fabry disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sparse recurrent excitatory connectivity in the microcircuit of the adult mouse and human cortex

    Stephanie C Seeman et al.
    A high-throughput pipeline for the characterization of cortical connectivity in mouse and human cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    AMPA receptor mediated synaptic excitation drives state-dependent bursting in Purkinje neurons of zebrafish larvae

    Mohini Sengupta, Vatsala Thirumalai
    In vivo recordings in unanesthetized zebrafish larvae show that Purkinje neurons have two stable membrane potential states and that climbing fiber inputs can toggle them to up states during motor episodes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unique membrane properties and enhanced signal processing in human neocortical neurons

    Guy Eyal et al.
    Models and experiments reveal that human L2/3 pyramidal neurons have distinctively low specific membrane capacitance which might have a significant impact on signal processing in human neocortex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cellular encoding of Cy dyes for single-molecule imaging

    Lilia Leisle et al.
    Cyanine fluorophores are encoded as non-canonical amino acids to produce functional proteins in cell-free translation systems and live cells for single-molecule imaging.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical electrophysiology for probing function and pharmacology of voltage-gated ion channels

    Hongkang Zhang et al.
    Optogenetic tools enable sophisticated measurements of a voltage-gated sodium channel implicated in pain, as well as high-throughput screening of candidate channel blockers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic sodium spikes are required for long-term potentiation at distal synapses on hippocampal pyramidal neurons

    Yujin Kim et al.
    At distal synapses onto hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons, synaptic plasticity is dependent on dendritically initiated sodium spikes, thus establishing a new role for voltage-gated sodium channels in the dendrites that may have important implications for how learning rules are implemented.
    1. Neuroscience

    Morphine disinhibits glutamatergic input to VTA dopamine neurons and promotes dopamine neuron excitation

    Ming Chen et al.
    Experiments examining the actions of morphine on single neurons from one of the brain's reward centers, the VTA, reveal the mechanism by which the drug exerts its hedonic effects.
    1. Plant Biology

    Calcium specificity signaling mechanisms in abscisic acid signal transduction in Arabidopsis guard cells

    Benjamin Brandt et al.
    The calcium-dependent signaling pathway during ABA-dependent stomatal closure requires the calcium-independent pathway, and calcium signaling specificity is mediated by PP2C protein phosphatases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Agonist-mediated switching of ion selectivity in TPC2 differentially promotes lysosomal function

    Susanne Gerndt et al.
    The lysosomal ion channel TPC2 emerges as an example of an ion channel in which ion selectivity is not fixed but rather agonist-selective.