747 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Post-tetanic potentiation lowers the energy barrier for synaptic vesicle fusion independently of Synaptotagmin-1

    Vincent Huson et al.
    Modulation of the energy barrier for membrane fusion is a common mechanism by which sensors in the synapse produce supralinear calcium dependence of vesicle release and short-term synaptic potentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gradients in the biophysical properties of neonatal auditory neurons align with synaptic contact position and the intensity coding map of inner hair cells

    Alexander L Markowitz, Radha Kalluri
    The biophysical diversity that is intrinsic to spiral ganglion neurons emerges as spatial gradients during early post-natal development and endures through subsequent maturation to likely contribute to sound intensity coding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multimodal sensory integration in single cerebellar granule cells in vivo

    Taro Ishikawa et al.
    Building on previous work (Huang et al., 2013), it is shown that single granule cells receive excitatory synaptic input driven by up to three separate sensory modalities in vivo, which demonstrate that individual neurons can contribute to multisensory integration at the input layer of the cerebellar cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Additive effects on the energy barrier for synaptic vesicle fusion cause supralinear effects on the vesicle fusion rate

    Sebastiaan Schotten et al.
    Independent osmotic, genetic and biochemical perturbations modulate neurotransmitter release in a multiplicative manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust perisomatic GABAergic self-innervation inhibits basket cells in the human and mouse supragranular neocortex

    Viktor Szegedi et al.
    Abundant self-inhibitory synapses in the layer 2/3 of human neocortex strongly regulate the function of basket cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific synaptic plasticity induced by network oscillations

    Shota Zarnadze et al.
    Recordings of cellular and network activities of the mouse brain provide insights into how gamma rhythms contribute to memory formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A big-data approach to understanding metabolic rate and response to obesity in laboratory mice

    June K Corrigan et al.
    The metabolic rate of mice is disproportionately affected by the site of experimentation, affecting the phenotypic interpretation of genetically modified strains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cretaceous dinosaur bone contains recent organic material and provides an environment conducive to microbial communities

    Evan T Saitta et al.
    Subterranean fossil bone hosts a living microbiome different from the surrounding sediment without evidence of original protein preservation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    VivosX, a disulfide crosslinking method to capture site-specific, protein-protein interactions in yeast and human cells

    Chitra Mohan et al.
    An in vivo disulfide crosslinking assay shows preferential disassembly of nucleosomes with two H2A.Z histones by transcription machinery in yeast and conjugation to one or two ubiquitin moieties in human cells.

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