1,801 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    A complete toolset for the study of Ustilago bromivora and Brachypodium sp. as a fungal-temperate grass pathosystem

    Franziska Rabe et al.
    The establishment of Ustilago bromivora and Brachypodium as a biotrophic model system provides the foundation for studying new aspects of plant-pathogen interactions and for answering questions about fungal sex and speciation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Phylodynamic theory of persistence, extinction and speciation of rapidly adapting pathogens

    Le Yan et al.
    A model of pathogen co-evolving with host population continuously acquiring immunity is used to identify evolutionary parameters allowing pathogen population to persist without going extinct or splitting into independent lineages.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    An effector of the Irish potato famine pathogen antagonizes a host autophagy cargo receptor

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    A plant pathogen effector evolved a short linear motif to subvert autophagic defenses by antagonising a host cargo receptor.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global analysis of gene expression reveals mRNA superinduction is required for the inducible immune response to a bacterial pathogen

    Kevin C Barry et al.
    Infected cells superinduce expression of mRNA in order to initiate an immune response to a bacterial pathogen that blocks host protein synthesis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Defining host–pathogen interactions employing an artificial intelligence workflow

    Daniel Fisch et al.
    The application of deep learning fills a major gap in host–pathogen research providing for unbiased, multi-module high-throughput image analysis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Perforin-2 is essential for intracellular defense of parenchymal cells and phagocytes against pathogenic bacteria

    Ryan M McCormack et al.
    Perforin-2 deficiency is lethal upon infection with pathogenic bacteria despite the presence of other bactericidal effectors.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals

    Allison J Shultz, Timothy B Sackton
    Pathogens, particularly viruses, target the same genes over deep evolutionary time, resulting in shared signatures of positive selection and transcriptional responses at the same genes.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Variable opportunities for outcrossing result in hotspots of novel genetic variation in a pathogen metapopulation

    Anna-Liisa Laine et al.
    In natural pathogen populations opportunities for sexual outcrossing vary, leading to spatial variation in genetic diversity and between-season survival.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A unique chromatin profile defines adaptive genomic regions in a fungal plant pathogen

    David E Cook et al.
    Assessment of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and DNA accessibility revealed that physical DNA characteristics are associated with adaptive genome evolution in the broad host range plant pathogenic fungus Verticillium dahliae.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    An adjunctive therapy administered with an antibiotic prevents enrichment of antibiotic-resistant clones of a colonizing opportunistic pathogen

    Valerie J Morley et al.
    Cholestyramine, an FDA-approved bile acid sequestrant, can be repurposed to inactivate the antibiotic daptomycin in the gut, which prevents the emergence of transmissible antibiotic resistance in gastrointestinal Enterococcus faecium populations.

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