679 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglia TREM2R47H Alzheimer-linked variant enhances excitatory transmission and reduces LTP via increased TNF-α levels

    Siqiang Ren et al.
    Analysis of rats carrying the microglia gene and Alzheimer risk factor Trem2R47H variant shows increased glutamatergic transmission via supraphysiological TNF-α brain concentrations, linking a microglia pathogenic variant to neuronal dysfunction.
    1. Neuroscience

    PreBötzinger complex neurons drive respiratory modulation of blood pressure and heart rate

    Clément Menuet et al.
    The PreBötzinger complex, which contains neurons that are the kernel for inspiratory rhythm generation, also contains sympathoexcitatory and parasympathoinhibitory neurons that drive respiratory-phase oscillations in blood pressure and heart rate.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Topologically correct synthetic reconstruction of pathogen social behavior found during Yersinia growth in deep tissue sites

    Stacie A Clark et al.
    Tissue infection by an extracellular pathogen is recapitulated by encasing a bacterial colony within a droplet gel to allow immune cell attack, driving spatially-controlled microbial social behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    SynGAP isoforms differentially regulate synaptic plasticity and dendritic development

    Yoichi Araki et al.
    Detailed SYNGAP1 splice variant characterization uncovers distinct isoform functions and biochemical properties contributing to critical aspects of neurodevelopment, providing previously unknown isoform-level insight into SYNGAP1-related cognitive disorders.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 and their potential for therapeutic passive immunization

    PJ Klasse, John P Moore
    Antibodies hold promise for breakthrough treatment of COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An ECF-type transporter scavenges heme to overcome iron-limitation in Staphylococcus lugdunensis

    Angelika Jochim et al.
    An ECF-type transporter serves as broad-spectrum heme iron scavenger and allows an opportunistic pathogen to use multiple eukaryotic hemoproteins to overcome nutritional iron-limitation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Phagocytic glia are obligatory intermediates in transmission of mutant huntingtin aggregates across neuronal synapses

    Kirby M Donnelly et al.
    Prion-like transfer of mutant huntingtin aggregates from presynaptic to postsynaptic neurons is enhanced by neuronal silencing and requires passage through the cytoplasm of Draper-expressing phagocytic glia in adult Drosophila brains.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Type I interferon underlies severe disease associated with Junín virus infection in mice

    Brady T Hickerson et al.
    The first lethal Junín virus challenge model in immunocompetent mice provides insight into New World mammarenavirus pathogenesis and will serve as a model for the development of much-needed therapeutic interventions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Oomycete small RNAs bind to the plant RNA-induced silencing complex for virulence

    Florian Dunker et al.
    Small RNAs of distantly related plant pathogens, such as fungi and oomycetes, hijack the plant RNA-induced silencing complex to favor host infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpr induces cell cycle arrest and enhances viral gene expression by depleting CCDC137

    Fengwen Zhang, Paul D Bieniasz
    A key target of the HIV-1 Vpr accessory protein is identified, whose depletion causes increased HIV-1gene expression and cell cycle arrest.

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