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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgE-mediated mast cell activation promotes inflammation and cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis

    Qian Wang et al.
    Osteoarthritis pathogenesis is driven by IgE-mediated mast cell activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    ErbB4 deletion in noradrenergic neurons in the locus coeruleus induces mania-like behavior via elevated catecholamines

    Shu-Xia Cao et al.
    Behavioral and molecular mechanistic studies elaborate the important role of ErbB4 in noradrenergic neurons associated with mania pathogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    LTP and memory impairment caused by extracellular Aβ and Tau oligomers is APP-dependent

    Daniela Puzzo et al.
    Oligomeric Amyloid-β and Tau, two proteins involved in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis, require Amyloid Precursor Protein to enter neurons and exert their detrimental effect on synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurodegenerative disease mutations in TREM2 reveal a functional surface and distinct loss-of-function mechanisms

    Daniel L Kober et al.
    Structural, biophysical, and functional analyses reveal that mutations in TREM2 trigger either misfolding or reduced binding to cell-surface glycosaminoglycans, which segregate with neurodegenerative disease link and highlight a functional surface linked to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nemo-like kinase is a novel regulator of spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy

    Tiffany W Todd et al.
    Nemo-like kinase is a key protein promoting the pathogenesis of spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A protein secreted by the Salmonella type III secretion system controls needle filament assembly

    Junya Kato et al.
    A novel component of type III protein secretion systems involved in the assembly of the secretion machine is reported.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Visualization of the type III secretion mediated Salmonella–host cell interface using cryo-electron tomography

    Donghyun Park et al.
    Visualization of the type III secretion mediated Salmonella-host cell interface reveals the intact translocon and the profound remodeling of the host membrane at unprecedented resolution.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bile salt receptor complex activates a pathogenic type III secretion system

    Peng Li et al.
    Microbial genetics and biophysical analyses provide insight into an evolutionarily conserved bile salt receptor complex used by pathogenic bacteria to sense their environment.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Cell Biology

    The Plasmodium falciparum rhoptry protein RhopH3 plays essential roles in host cell invasion and nutrient uptake

    Emma S Sherling et al.
    The rhoptry protein RhopH3 is crucial for the invasion and growth of the malaria parasite and disruption of it provides insight into the binding of the parasite to the host red blood cell and into the formation of new import pathways.