3,328 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Prediction of enzymatic pathways by integrative pathway mapping

    Sara Calhoun et al.
    A computational method identifies the functions of orphan enzymes by organizing them into metabolic pathways; the prediction of a new l-gulonate catabolic pathway is experimentally tested and confirmed.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Novel mechanism of metabolic co-regulation coordinates the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in Pseudomonas protegens

    Qing Yan et al.
    The production of two secondary metabolites is co-regulated in a bacterium via an intermediate in one pathway that is converted into signals to activate the second pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Ecology

    De novo synthesis of a sunscreen compound in vertebrates

    Andrew R Osborn et al.
    Many vertebrates are able to synthesize a sunscreen compound de novo and the pathway involved can be used for heterologous production of the compound in yeast.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An ancient germ cell-specific RNA-binding protein protects the germline from cryptic splice site poisoning

    Ingrid Ehrmann et al.
    Cell division by meiosis during sperm production depends on expression of an RNA-binding protein that prevents abnormal RNA-processing pathways.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insight into the evolution of microbial metabolism from the deep-branching bacterium, Thermovibrio ammonificans

    Donato Giovannelli et al.
    The genome of Thermovibrio ammonificans encodes ancestral pathways (e.g., hydrogen oxidation) and more recently acquired ones (e.g., nitrate reduction) and a hybrid pathway for CO2 fixation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Brain Size: Gene losses did not stop the evolution of big brains

    Cristian Cañestro, Vittoria Roncalli
    Elephants and fruit bats have evolved large brains even though they have lost a gene that is fundamental to the supply of energy to the brain when glucose is not available.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Learning: The cerebellum influences vocal timing

    Court Hull
    We are starting to understand how the cerebellum contributes to vocal learning in songbirds.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Biofilms: Take my breath away

    Vinai C Thomas, Paul D Fey
    A lack of oxygen activates a pathway that causes the bacterial cell wall to break down, which, in turn, aids bacterial biofilm development.
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    1. Ecology

    Endosymbiosis: Gasping for air

    Steven G Ball, Ugo Cenci
    Transcriptomics is shedding new light on the relationship between photosynthetic algae and salamander eggs.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Is cell size a spandrel?

    Ariel Amir
    Analysis of experiments on bacteria suggests that the dependence of cell size on growth rate is not an adaptation but a causal consequence of a regulatory mechanism that controls DNA replication.

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