6,592 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Dynamics of pattern formation and emergence of swarming in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Esin Demir et al.
    Collective responses of animals are generally controlled by complex biological mechanisms and in Caenorhabditis eleganscollective dynamics are purely controlled by physical parameters such as oxygen penetration and bacterial diffusion.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A quantitative modelling approach to zebrafish pigment pattern formation

    Jennifer P Owen et al.
    A mathematical modelling approach to understanding zebrafish stripe pattern formation exemplifies a biological rule-set sufficient to generate wild-type and a diverse range of mutant patterns.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Flower-like patterns in multi-species bacterial colonies

    Liyang Xiong et al.
    Mechanical interactions between bacterial species with different motility characteristics play an important role in spatial-temporal dynamics of multi-species bacterial colonies and can lead to formation of complex patterns.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hedgehog signaling patterns the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch

    Jingyue Xu et al.
    SHH signaling acts through FOXF1/2 transcription factors and antagonizes BMP signaling to specify oral fate and pattern the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch to ensure proper formation of jaws.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tight Junction Protein 1a regulates pigment cell organisation during zebrafish colour patterning

    Andrey Fadeev et al.
    The changes in shape of iridophores that underlie adult colour pattern formation in zebrafish depend on the levels of Tight Junction Protein 1a in these cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Decoding temporal interpretation of the morphogen Bicoid in the early Drosophila embryo

    Anqi Huang et al.
    Cell fates endowed by higher Bicoid concentration require input for longer duration, demonstrating a temporally non-linear morphogen-mediated pattern formation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Design of biochemical pattern forming systems from minimal motifs

    Philipp Glock et al.
    Theoretical analysis and in vitro reconstitution of a biological reaction-diffusion system identify key functional motifs as well as underlying principles and enable rebuilding pattern formation in a modular fashion.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Polar pattern formation induced by contact following locomotion in a multicellular system

    Masayuki Hayakawa et al.
    Transient cell-cell contact of eukaryotic cells, called contact following locomotion, causes cell density segregation, and its high-density region traveled as a band within the disordered background.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Gap junctions composed of connexins 41.8 and 39.4 are essential for colour pattern formation in zebrafish

    Uwe Irion et al.
    Melanophores and xanthophores interact via heteromeric gap junctions composed of Connexin 41.8 and Connexin 39.4 to establish the adult pigment pattern in zebrafish.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rap2 and TNIK control Plexin-dependent tiled synaptic innervation in C. elegans

    Xi Chen et al.
    Plexin controls the spatial distribution of synapses by locally inhibiting Rap2 small GTPase activity along the axon, and a Rap2 effector, TNIK, which also plays a key role in inhibiting synapse number.

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