5,075 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hedgehog signaling patterns the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch

    Jingyue Xu et al.
    SHH signaling acts through FOXF1/2 transcription factors and antagonizes BMP signaling to specify oral fate and pattern the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch to ensure proper formation of jaws.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tight Junction Protein 1a regulates pigment cell organisation during zebrafish colour patterning

    Andrey Fadeev et al.
    The changes in shape of iridophores that underlie adult colour pattern formation in zebrafish depend on the levels of Tight Junction Protein 1a in these cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Decoding temporal interpretation of the morphogen Bicoid in the early Drosophila embryo

    Anqi Huang et al.
    Cell fates endowed by higher Bicoid concentration require input for longer duration, demonstrating a temporally non-linear morphogen-mediated pattern formation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Gap junctions composed of connexins 41.8 and 39.4 are essential for colour pattern formation in zebrafish

    Uwe Irion et al.
    Melanophores and xanthophores interact via heteromeric gap junctions composed of Connexin 41.8 and Connexin 39.4 to establish the adult pigment pattern in zebrafish.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rap2 and TNIK control Plexin-dependent tiled synaptic innervation in C. elegans

    Xi Chen et al.
    Plexin controls the spatial distribution of synapses by locally inhibiting Rap2 small GTPase activity along the axon, and a Rap2 effector, TNIK, which also plays a key role in inhibiting synapse number.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Strong inter-population cooperation leads to partner intermixing in microbial communities

    Babak Momeni et al.
    Simulations and experiments on systems containing two different populations of microorganisms show that interactions that benefit at least one of the populations can lead to communities with stable compositions, and that strong cooperation between two populations can lead to communities in which both populations are mixed together.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mapping out Min protein patterns in fully confined fluidic chambers

    Yaron Caspi, Cees Dekker
    The geometry selection rules of dynamic Min protein patterns are determined in fully confined fluidic chambers, showing that both oscillations and running waves are derivatives of spiral rotations that are established as the majority pattern.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    High-throughput mathematical analysis identifies Turing networks for patterning with equally diffusing signals

    Luciano Marcon et al.
    Realistic reaction-diffusion signaling networks that include cell-autonomous factors can robustly form self-organizing spatial patterns for any combination of diffusion coefficients without requiring differential diffusivity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dynamic BMP signaling polarized by Toll patterns the dorsoventral axis in a hemimetabolous insect

    Lena Sachs et al.
    During the evolution of insect lineages, a signaling pathway dedicated to pathogen defense was co-opted for a new role in embryonic patterning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computational modeling of brainstem circuits controlling locomotor frequency and gait

    Jessica Ausborn et al.
    A new computational model of brainstem control of locomotor speed and gait was developed to reproduce and explain recent experimental data and propose predictions for subsequent experimental testing.

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