4,076 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Extensive and diverse patterns of cell death sculpt neural networks in insects

    Sinziana Pop et al.
    Developmental cell death plays a key role during insect neurogenesis and is increased in specific neuronal populations in flies that have evolved flightlessness.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    PIP2 depletion promotes TRPV4 channel activity in mouse brain capillary endothelial cells

    Osama F Harraz et al.
    TRPV4 channels in brain capillaries are suppressed by the phosphoinositide PIP2 and activated by receptor agonists implicated in neurovascular coupling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The heteromeric PC-1/PC-2 polycystin complex is activated by the PC-1 N-terminus

    Kotdaji Ha et al.
    Soluble fragments cleaved from the N-terminus of PC-1 activate the PC-1/PC-2 heteromeric polycystin channel, describing for the first time that the N-terminus itself is an endogenous ligand.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The mitochondrial acyl carrier protein (ACP) coordinates mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis with iron sulfur cluster biogenesis

    Jonathan G Van Vranken et al.
    The essential function of ACP is not related to mitochondrial fatty acid and lipoic acid synthesis, but rather an evolutionarily-conserved role in iron sulfur cluster biogenesis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HetL, HetR and PatS form a reaction-diffusion system to control pattern formation in the cyanobacterium nostoc PCC 7120

    Xiaomei Xu et al.
    Genetic, biochemistry and modeling approaches reveal elements of a Turing-type reaction-diffusion system to control pattern formation in differentiating cyanobacterial filaments.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Wnt/PCP controls spreading of Wnt/β-catenin signals by cytonemes in vertebrates

    Benjamin Mattes et al.
    Wnt signaling regulates its effective signaling range by controlling Wnt ligand transport on signaling filopodia within vertebrate tissues.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A bacterial riboswitch class for the thiamin precursor HMP-PP employs a terminator-embedded aptamer

    Ruben M Atilho et al.
    Many bacteria use a tiny riboswitch aptamer to sense the thiamin precursor HMP-PP to regulate the production of another thiamin precursor HET-P to efficiently biosynthesize this essential coenzyme.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structures of virus-like photosystem I complexes from the mesophilic cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803

    Yuval Mazor et al.
    The structure of the photosystem I (PSI) complex from Synechocystis is determined, and reaction center subunits engineered to resemble a viral PSI are found to promote promiscuous electron acceptor properties.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Unfair competition governs the interaction of pCPI-17 with myosin phosphatase (PP1-MYPT1)

    Joshua J Filter et al.
    Unfair competition, in which a phosphatase and a phosphoprotein inhibitor/substrate mutually sequester each other from competing substrates and enzymes, is a conserved mechanism for the control of PPP family phosphatases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Microtubules provide directional information for core PCP function

    Maja Matis et al.
    The Fat/Dachsous/Four-jointed (Ft/Ds/Fj) system provides a spatial signal to organize core PCP proteins via the polarization of microtubules.

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