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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    'Palaeoshellomics’ reveals the use of freshwater mother-of-pearl in prehistory

    Jorune Sakalauskaite et al.
    Ancient proteomes from tiny shell ornaments were successfully characterised for the first time, showing the unexpected use of mother-of-pearl from local riverine molluscs in both coastal and inland prehistoric sites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Surface color and predictability determine contextual modulation of V1 firing and gamma oscillations

    Alina Peter et al.
    Colored surfaces induce strong gamma-synchronization yet sparse firing in V1 when receptive field inputs are predicted from the surrounding spatial context.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bumblebee visual allometry results in locally improved resolution and globally improved sensitivity

    Gavin J Taylor et al.
    Bigger bumblebee eyes have better vision, yet their field of view, sensitivity, and resolution do not all simply scale up with eye size, being improved locally instead.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar learning using perturbations

    Guy Bouvier et al.
    A proposal for a complete cellular/network implementation of trial-and-error motor learning in the olivo-cerebellar system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sparse recurrent excitatory connectivity in the microcircuit of the adult mouse and human cortex

    Stephanie C Seeman et al.
    A high-throughput pipeline for the characterization of cortical connectivity in mouse and human cortex.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Consensus designs and thermal stability determinants of a human glutamate transporter

    Erica Cirri et al.
    A fast evolutionary approach to engineer membrane protein kinetic stability yields folded excitatory neurotransmitter transporters and provides insights into their denaturing pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Measurements and models of electric fields in the in vivo human brain during transcranial electric stimulation

    Yu Huang et al.
    Direct in-vivo measurements in the human brain test validity of detailed computational models of trancranial electric stimulation and show that electric fields in the brain are weaker than currently assumed.
    1. Cell Biology

    Uncoupling of dynamin polymerization and GTPase activity revealed by the conformation-specific nanobody dynab

    Valentina Galli et al.
    Uncoupling of dynamin polymerization and GTPase activity can be induced with dynamin, which allows in vivo visualization of its activity at endocytic pits.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Restraint of presynaptic protein levels by Wnd/DLK signaling mediates synaptic defects associated with the kinesin-3 motor Unc-104

    Jiaxing Li et al.
    Synaptic defects previously attributed to loss of kinesin function are found to be mediated by the Wnd/DLK axonal injury signaling pathway, which restrains the total levels of presynaptic proteins in response to their accumulation.