4,619 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The frequency gradient of human resting-state brain oscillations follows cortical hierarchies

    Keyvan Mahjoory et al.
    The strongest peak frequency of brain oscillations in a brain area decreases significantly, gradually and robustly along the posterior-anterior axis following the global hierarchy from early sensory to higher order areas.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Transverse tubule remodeling enhances Orai1-dependent Ca2+ entry in skeletal muscle

    Antonio Michelucci et al.
    Structural and functional analyses show that transverse tubule association with stacks of sarcoplasmic reticulum enhances Orai1-dependent Ca2+ entry to replenish Ca2+ stores, maintain Ca2+ release, and maximize force during exercise.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Upper bound on the biological effects of 50/60 Hz magnetic fields mediated by radical pairs

    PJ Hore
    Any effects of environmental 50/60 Hz magnetic fields on human biology due to a radical pair mechanism should be no more dangerous than those incurred by travelling a few kilometres.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TMC1 is an essential component of a leak channel that modulates tonotopy and excitability of auditory hair cells in mice

    Shuang Liu et al.
    Other than its function in mechanotransduction, TMC1 is indispensable for action potential firing of auditory hair cells by mediating a leak conductance that alters tonotopically along the cochlea coil.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shared rhythmic subcortical GABAergic input to the entorhinal cortex and presubiculum

    Tim James Viney et al.
    GABAergic parvalbumin-expressing 'orchid cells' of the medial septum selectively target GABAergic neurons in connected extra-hippocampal areas of the mouse, providing rhythmically bursting inhibitory input at the peak of hippocampal 5-12 Hz theta oscillatory cycles.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    How subtle changes in 3D structure can create large changes in transcription

    Jordan Yupeng Xiao et al.
    Promoter futile cycles can explain how subtle differences in genome folding sometimes generate large difference in gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Medicine

    Common resting brain dynamics indicate a possible mechanism underlying zolpidem response in severe brain injury

    Shawniqua T Williams et al.
    The therapeutic effects of the sleeping pill zolpidem in patients with disorders of consciousness may be due to recruitment of brain cells idling in abnormally low-frequency brain waves.
    1. Neuroscience

    Exposing distinct subcortical components of the auditory brainstem response evoked by continuous naturalistic speech

    Melissa J Polonenko, Ross K Maddox
    The response from discrete stages of the early auditory pathway can be measured by subtle manipulations to long-form natural speech stimuli paired with deconvolution analysis of electroencephalography data.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extracting grid cell characteristics from place cell inputs using non-negative principal component analysis

    Yedidyah Dordek et al.
    Computational modeling of the brain’s navigation system reveals that place cells can drive the formation of hexagonal patterns experimentally observed in grid cells activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A quantitative theory of gamma synchronization in macaque V1

    Eric Lowet et al.
    Gamma-band synchronization behavior in area V1 was predicted by weakly coupled oscillator principles.

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