3,332 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Recalibrating timing behavior via expected covariance between temporal cues

    Benjamin J De Corte et al.
    Rats act as if they expect that the delays associated with temporal cues will covary due to a common causal factor.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
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    Meta-Research: Releasing a preprint is associated with more attention and citations for the peer-reviewed article

    Darwin Y Fu, Jacob J Hughey
    An analysis of more than 70,000 journal articles, including 5405 that were first released as a preprint on bioRxiv, shows that articles with a preprint received 49% more attention and 36% more citations than articles without one.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic and opioidergic regulation during anticipation and consumption of social and nonsocial rewards

    Sebastian Korb et al.
    Administration of dopamine and opioid receptor antagonists resulted in reduced reward anticipation (effort and increased negative facial reactions), but only administration of opioid antagonists resulted in reduced liking (facial reactions).
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual cue-related activity of cells in the medial entorhinal cortex during navigation in virtual reality

    Amina A Kinkhabwala et al.
    Cue cells in the medial entorhinal cortex encode visual cues during virtual navigation, supporting the hypothesis that the brain represents visual cue information to error-correct grid cell firing during path-integration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bed nucleus of the stria terminalis regulates fear to unpredictable threat signals

    Travis D Goode et al.
    The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is required for the expression of defensive behavior to uncertain threats, a function that is central to pathological anxiety.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor context dominates output from purkinje cell functional regions during reflexive visuomotor behaviours

    Laura D Knogler et al.
    Purkinje cells of the cerebellum, a conserved vertebrate brain region important for sensorimotor integration, receive sensory and motor information from distinct input streams and are functionally clustered into modules reflecting the larval zebrafish's behavioral repertoire.
    1. Neuroscience

    A time-stamp mechanism may provide temporal information necessary for egocentric to allocentric spatial transformations

    Avner Wallach et al.
    A novel neural mechanism for precise, unbiased estimation of time intervals in the thalamus of electric fish is likely used for computing distance between object encounters.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transformation of spatiotemporal dynamics in the macaque vestibular system from otolith afferents to cortex

    Jean Laurens et al.
    The spatial and dynamic properties of self-motion signals are acquired at the first stage of otolith signal transformation, which is in the brainstem and cerebellum, and conserved across brainstem, cerebellar and cortical areas.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microsaccadic sampling of moving image information provides Drosophila hyperacute vision

    Mikko Juusola et al.
    New experiments and theory reveal how the ability to see image details depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements, and how fruit flies (Drosophila) see spatial details beyond the optical limit of their compound eyes.

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