228 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Heterogeneous absorption of antimicrobial peptide LL37 in Escherichia coli cells enhances population survivability

    Mehdi Snoussi et al.
    A rapid absorption and retention of antimicrobial peptides by dead Escherichia coli cells can increase the survivability of the cell population in a "cooperative" fashion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mucosal absorption of therapeutic peptides by harnessing the endogenous sorting of glycosphingolipids

    Maria Daniela Garcia-Castillo et al.
    Non-native synthetic short-chain glycosphingolipids fused to GLP-1 enable intestinal absorption with high bioavailability in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.
    1. Cell Biology

    High lumenal chloride in the lysosome is critical for lysosome function

    Kasturi Chakraborty et al.
    Lysosomes are highly enriched in chloride, which is essential for their degradative function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Full length RTN3 regulates turnover of tubular endoplasmic reticulum via selective autophagy

    Paolo Grumati et al.
    Full length RTN3 homodimerization mediates ER tubules fragmentation and their subsequent delivery to lysosome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The force-sensing peptide VemP employs extreme compaction and secondary structure formation to induce ribosomal stalling

    Ting Su et al.
    The structure of the VemP-stalled ribosome reveals a helix-double turn-helix conformation of the nascent chain within the ribosomal tunnel, illustrating how secondary structure formation directly at the peptidyltransferase center of the ribosome can induce translational arrest.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT6 regulates Ras-related protein R-Ras2 by lysine defatty-acylation

    Xiaoyu Zhang et al.
    A posttranslational regulatory mechanism for a Ras family small GTPase could open up new directions to understand and control the Ras family of proteins that are important for physiology and diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome mining unearths a hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic gene cluster

    Hyun Bong Park et al.
    A new type of hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic pathway has been illuminated via genome mining.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parallel encoding of sensory history and behavioral preference during Caenorhabditis elegans olfactory learning

    Christine E Cho et al.
    Odor conditioning induces two changes in olfactory neurons: non-associative sensory adaptation to odor history, and associative, bidirectional changes in behavioral output that are oppositely regulated in aversive and appetitive learning.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Epithelial magnesium transport by TRPM6 is essential for prenatal development and adult survival

    Vladimir Chubanov et al.
    Mice deficient in the TRPM6 channel suffer from impaired prenatal development, shortened lifespan, growth deficit and disturbed energy balance due to a defect in epithelial Mg2+ uptake, thus highlighting a pivotal role of TRPM6 in organismal Mg2+ homeostasis.

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