1,740 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Calibration of cell-intrinsic interleukin-2 response thresholds guides design of a regulatory T cell biased agonist

    Caleb R Glassman et al.
    A panel of interleukin-2 partial agonists designed to exploit distinct immune cell response thresholds enabled selective activation of regulatory T cells in vivo.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated sensing of host stresses by inhibition of a cytoplasmic two-component system controls M. tuberculosis acute lung infection

    John A Buglino et al.
    M. tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes the disease tuberculosis, uses a signaling system that senses multiple products of the host's immune system to modify gene expression to colonize the lung.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Competitive coordination of the dual roles of the Hedgehog co-receptor in homophilic adhesion and signal reception

    Shu Yang et al.
    The apparently incompatible functions of the Hedgehog co-receptor Ihog in homophilic adhesion and ligand binding cooperate in Hh transport and reception.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal complexity is attenuated in preclinical models of migraine and restored by HDAC6 inhibition

    Zachariah Bertels et al.
    In models of chronic migraine, neuronal complexity is diminished in head-pain processing regions but restored through HDAC6 inhibition, which increases tubulin acetylation and cytoskeletal flexibility, and CGRP receptor blockade.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A convolutional neural network for the prediction and forward design of ribozyme-based gene-control elements

    Calvin M Schmidt, Christina D Smolke
    Machine learning has been applied to develop predictive models for designing RNA gene-control elements with targeted gene-regulatory activities.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABAB receptor auxiliary subunits modulate Cav2.3-mediated release from medial habenula terminals

    Pradeep Bhandari et al.
    The direct interaction of R-type Ca2+ channel Cav2.3 and GABAB receptor auxiliary subunits in the active zone of medial habenula terminals scales synaptic strength independent of GABAB receptor activation.
    1. Cell Biology

    UBTD1 regulates ceramide balance and endolysosomal positioning to coordinate EGFR signaling

    Stéphanie Torrino et al.
    UBTD1 coordinates EGFR signaling by modulating ceramides level through ASAH1 ubiquitination and EGFR degradation through SQSTM1/p62 ubiquitination, which together impact cell proliferation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane transporter dimerization driven by differential lipid solvation energetics of dissociated and associated states

    Rahul Chadda et al.
    Differences in the lipid solvation energetics of associated and dissociated states is a primary driving force for membrane protein oligomerization, presenting a molecular mechanism for lipid regulation in biology.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Molecular tracking devices quantify antigen distribution and archiving in the murine lymph node

    Shannon M Walsh et al.
    Antigen-phosphorothioate DNA conjugation provides a vaccination strategy where stable barcodes facilitate the detection and quantification of antigen using single-cell RNA sequencing.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell self-reactivity during thymic development dictates the timing of positive selection

    Lydia K Lutes et al.
    Developing T cells whose TCRs have relatively low reactivity experience very brief TCR signaling events, experience delayed positive selection, and retaina preselection gene expression signature as they mature.

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