9,901 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Unified pre- and postsynaptic long-term plasticity enables reliable and flexible learning

    Rui Ponte Costa et al.
    Combined pre- and postsynaptically expressed long-term plasticity of neuronal connections improves sensory discrimination, and enables rapid relearning of previously encountered information.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Structural snapshots of Xer recombination reveal activation by synaptic complex remodeling and DNA bending

    Aleksandra Bebel et al.
    DNA-bound crystal structures of an essential Xer site-specific recombinase from the bacterium Helicobacter pylori reveal how large conformational changes initiate the untangling of chromosomes upon cell division.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of nucleic-acid recognition and double-strand unwinding by the essential neuronal protein Pur-alpha

    Janine Weber et al.
    The crystal structure of Pur-alpha in complex with DNA reveals its molecular mechanisms of nucleic-acid binding and unwinding, allowing for a better understanding of its essential role in neurons.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nuclear receptor LRH-1/NR5A2 is required and targetable for liver endoplasmic reticulum stress resolution

    Jennifer L Mamrosh et al.
    LRH-1/NR5A2 responds to ER stress by inducing a novel pathway that is required for stress resolution in mice and can be targeted by LRH-1 agonists.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic substrate identification indicates a central role for the metalloprotease ADAM10 in axon targeting and synapse function

    Peer-Hendrik Kuhn et al.
    The metalloprotease ADAM10 modulates axon and synapse function by cleaving numerous synaptic and axonal membrane proteins in the central nervous system.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    KPNB1 mediates PER/CRY nuclear translocation and circadian clock function

    Yool Lee et al.
    KPNB1 regulates rhythmic spatio-temporal nuclear import of the PER/CRY complex and is required for negative feedback repression in mammalian and fly clock function.
    1. Cell Biology

    A sphingolipid-dependent diffusion barrier confines ER stress to the yeast mother cell

    Lori Clay et al.
    Sphingolipids govern the compartmentalization of yeast cells through the assembly of lateral diffusion barriers in ER membranes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architectural principles for Hfq/Crc-mediated regulation of gene expression

    Xue Yuan Pei et al.
    Structural insights show how RNA chaperones cooperate to recognise defined target transcripts and suppress gene expression.
    1. Cell Biology

    An alternative splicing program promotes adipose tissue thermogenesis

    Santiago Vernia et al.
    NOVA pre-mRNA spacing factors suppress adipose tissue energy expenditure.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CryoEM structures of membrane pore and prepore complex reveal cytolytic mechanism of Pneumolysin

    Katharina van Pee et al.
    The near-atomic cryoEM pore complex structure of pneumolysin, the main virulence factor of Streptococcus pneumoniae, shows how the individual domains rearrange during the pore formation.

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