261 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    First spikes in visual cortex enable perceptual discrimination

    Arbora Resulaj et al.
    A brief time window of visually evoked activity in mouse primary visual cortex is sufficient for perceptual discrimination.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nostril-specific and structure-based olfactory learning of chiral discrimination in human adults

    Guo Feng, Wen Zhou
    Training-induced perceptual gain in the discrimination between odor enantiomers is nostril-specific and structure-based, indicating that early olfactory processing of the chemical features of unirhinal input remains plastic in human adults.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical response states for enhanced sensory discrimination

    Diego A Gutnisky et al.
    Enhanced perceptual discrimination occurs when ongoing population activity in visual cortex is in a 'silent' mode in which neurons optimize information extraction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient sampling and noisy decisions

    Joseph A Heng et al.
    An efficient coding theory for higher-level cognitive processes reveals that humans efficiently adapt to contextual distributions by economizing on environmental prior information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoupling sensory from decisional choice biases in perceptual decision making

    Daniel Linares et al.
    Perceptual decision making, even in simple scenarios, is affected by sensory and decisional choice biases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dyslexics’ faster decay of implicit memory for sounds and words is manifested in their shorter neural adaptation

    Sagi Jaffe-Dax et al.
    Implicit memory traces for recently encountered perceptual stimuli, including words, decay more quickly in people with dyslexia.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human VMPFC encodes early signatures of confidence in perceptual decisions

    Sabina Gherman, Marios G. Philiastides
    Simultaneous EEG-fMRI reveals neural representations of decision confidence unfolding prior to explicit perceptual choices, in a region of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex typically linked to reward processing and value-based decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local cortical desynchronization and pupil-linked arousal differentially shape brain states for optimal sensory performance

    Leonhard Waschke et al.
    The momentary levels of local cortical desynchronization and pupil-linked arousal pose dissociable influences not only on the processing of sensory information but also on human perceptual performance.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    On the dimensionality of odor space

    Markus Meister
    A recent claim that humans can discriminate 1 trillion odors is found to be unwarranted, and further analysis offers insights into the dimensionality of olfactory perception.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct neural contributions to metacognition for detecting, but not discriminating visual stimuli

    Matan Mazor et al.
    Combining psychophysics and functional MRI reveals a qualitative asymmetry in neural engagement when reflecting on whether a stimulus is seen (detection) compared to reflecting on what a stimulus is (discrimination).

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