56 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic sodium spikes are required for long-term potentiation at distal synapses on hippocampal pyramidal neurons

    Yujin Kim et al.
    At distal synapses onto hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons, synaptic plasticity is dependent on dendritically initiated sodium spikes, thus establishing a new role for voltage-gated sodium channels in the dendrites that may have important implications for how learning rules are implemented.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroscience: What's new is older

    Lara M Rangel, Howard Eichenbaum
    Insight
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TGFβ-dependent expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 controls CD8+ T cell anergy in transplant tolerance

    Marije Baas et al.
    The interplay between the cytokine TGFβ and the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway promotes CD8+ T cell anergy and tolerance towards transplanted tissues.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dichotomous organization of amygdala/temporal-prefrontal bundles in both humans and monkeys

    Davide Folloni et al.
    Amygdala/temporal-prefrontal cortex fibers are organised in separate amygdalofugal and uncinate bundles in humans and macaques, shaping the anatomical foundation for decision-making and socio-emotional behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Supramammillary nucleus synchronizes with dentate gyrus to regulate spatial memory retrieval through glutamate release

    Yadong Li et al.
    Multi-fiber photometry recording and circuit-based manipulation in vivo identify a long-range SuM-DG circuit linking two highly correlated subcortical regions to regulate spatial memory retrieval through SuM glutamate transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    NPAS4 recruits CCK basket cell synapses and enhances cannabinoid-sensitive inhibition in the mouse hippocampus

    Andrea L Hartzell et al.
    Behaviorally-driven expression of the immediate early gene transcription factor NPAS4 changes local circuit connectivity and short-term plasticity by selectively recruiting CCK basket cell synapses to pyramidal neuron somas.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The transcription factors Runx3 and ThPOK cross-regulate acquisition of cytotoxic function by human Th1 lymphocytes

    Yasmina Serroukh et al.
    The acquisition of cytotoxic function by human CD4 T cells is an integral part of the T helper 1 differentiation pathway and is limited by the transcription factor ThPOK.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Isoform-specific subcellular localization and function of protein kinase A identified by mosaic imaging of mouse brain

    Ronit Ilouz et al.
    High-resolution, large-scale immunohistochemical mouse brain images showing global views of different brain regions, as well as cellular and subcellular details, identified distinct localization of PKA RIβ and RIIβ regulatory subunits that reveal functional differences.
    1. Cell Biology

    A microRNA negative feedback loop downregulates vesicle transport and inhibits fear memory

    Rebecca S Mathew et al.
    A fear conditioning-induced miRNA acts in a negative feedback loop that targets vesicle exocytosis and neurotransmitter receptor trafficking, and inhibits memory formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of presenilin function is associated with a selective gain of APP function

    Carole Deyts et al.
    Amyloid precursor protein expression and accumulation of its intracellular fragment are required for exuberant neurite outgrowth associated with pathological presenilin 1 loss-of-function mutations before the emergence of amyloid burden in mice.

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