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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone H3G34R mutation causes replication stress, homologous recombination defects and genomic instability in S. pombe

    Rajesh K Yadav et al.
    Mutation of Glycine 34 to Arginine within the N-terminal tail of histone H3 alters post-translational modifications on Lysine 36 and is associated with a delay in replication restart, defective homologous recombination and an increase in genomic instability.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The human origin recognition complex is essential for pre-RC assembly, mitosis, and maintenance of nuclear structure

    Hsiang-Chen Chou et al.
    The initiation of human genome replication requires the six-subunit origin recognition complex (ORC) and CDC6, with ORC playing additional roles during mitosis and in organization of the cell nucleus.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptive evolution of an essential telomere protein restricts telomeric retrotransposons

    Bastien Saint-Leandre et al.
    Evolution strictly preserves telomere stability but rapidly diversifies telomere length regulation in Drosophila.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ATRX promotes maintenance of herpes simplex virus heterochromatin during chromatin stress

    Joseph M Cabral et al.
    Epigenetic restriction of herpes simplex virus occurs in a biphasic manner, in which ATRX maintains viral heterochromatin after an initial phase of chromatin deposition.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Aquilegia genome provides insight into adaptive radiation and reveals an extraordinarily polymorphic chromosome with a unique history

    Danièle L Filiault et al.
    The evolution columbine genus involved frequent mixing between incipient species, and one chromosome appears to have taken its own path.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Condensin controls cellular RNA levels through the accurate segregation of chromosomes instead of directly regulating transcription

    Clémence Hocquet et al.
    Contrary to the generally accepted model, condensin maintains proper gene expression by promoting the accurate segregation of chromosomes and the partitioning of the RNA-exosome throughout mitosis, instead of directly regulating transcription.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modifications at K31 on the lateral surface of histone H4 contribute to genome structure and expression in apicomplexan parasites

    Fabien Sindikubwabo et al.
    A versatile acetylation-methylation switch at lysine 31 on the lateral surface of histone H4 contributes to chromatin structure in apicomplexan parasites.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Innovation of heterochromatin functions drives rapid evolution of essential ZAD-ZNF genes in Drosophila

    Bhavatharini Kasinathan et al.
    Heterochromatic sequences evolve rapidly, as do ZAD-ZNF genes-encoding proteins involved in heterochromatin functions, explaining why evolutionarily dynamic ZAD-ZNF genes are more likely to be essential in Drosophila.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii leads to neocentromere formation and chromosome fusions

    Klaas Schotanus, Joseph Heitman
    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii results in neocentromeres, which span actively expressed genes and at elevated temperatures cen10∆ mutants are unstable leading to chromosome fusion and silencing of the neocentromere.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The preRC protein ORCA organizes heterochromatin by assembling histone H3 lysine 9 methyltransferases on chromatin

    Sumanprava Giri et al.
    Origin recognition complex-associated (ORCA) is crucial for the stability of the Histone H3 lysine 9 methyltransferase megacomplex, which is essential for heterochromatin organization.