205 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Polymerization of misfolded Z alpha-1 antitrypsin protein lowers CX3CR1 expression in human PBMCs

    Srinu Tumpara et al.
    Finding that circulating Z alpha-1 antitrypsin polymers, a feature of ZZ AAT deficiency, lower the expression of CX3CR1 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells encourages more detailed analyses on different circulating misfolded proteins and their role on immune cell surveillance/function.
    1. Medicine

    Reprogramming of bone marrow myeloid progenitor cells in patients with severe coronary artery disease

    Marlies P Noz et al.
    In patients with coronary artery disease, bone marrow myeloid progenitor cells are reprogrammed towards myeloid skewing and inflammatory activation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of cytokine production capacity in ancient and modern European populations

    Jorge Domínguez-Andrés et al.
    Neolithic was a turning point for immune responses in Europeans, favoring tolerance against intracellular pathogens, promoting inflammation against extracellular microbes, and being related to current auto-immune diseases.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Removing unwanted variation with CytofRUV to integrate multiple CyTOF datasets

    Marie Trussart et al.
    CytofRUV is a computational algorithm that effectively enables batch effect reduction in multiple CyTOF batches with an adaptable normalisation method and an R-Shiny application with diagnostics plots.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Atypical memory B-cells are associated with Plasmodium falciparum anemia through anti-phosphatidylserine antibodies

    Juan Rivera-Correa et al.
    The association of atypical memory B-cells and autoimmune antibodies (anti-phosphatidylserine) with hemoglobin levels in malaria patients uncovers a novel mechanism for the human malaria-induced anemia previously identified in mice.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identification of potential biomarkers of vaccine inflammation in mice

    Paul F McKay et al.
    Molecular biosignatures that identify an inflammatory and potentially adverse reaction to vaccination have been defined in mice, a critical gatekeeper for progression of novel vaccine candidates into humans.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated single-cell analysis unveils diverging immune features of COVID-19, influenza, and other community-acquired pneumonia

    Alex R Schuurman et al.
    Different etiologies of community-acquired pneumonia evoke both shared and diverging immunological responses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces decelerated bioenergetic metabolism in human macrophages

    Bridgette M Cumming et al.
    Quantifiable bioenergetic parameters, determined from extracellular flux analyses, are distinct between macrophages infected with Mycobacteriumtuberculosis or vaccine strain M. bovis BCG, enabling assessment of future vaccine and drug efficacy.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Anti-PD-1 immunotherapy leads to tuberculosis reactivation via dysregulation of TNF-α

    Liku B Tezera et al.
    Immune checkpoint inhibition therapy for cancer paradoxically activates tuberculosis infection, and advanced human cell culture modelling demonstrates excess TNF-α section is the primary driver.

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