996 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Conservation of peripheral nervous system formation mechanisms in divergent ascidian embryos

    Joshua F Coulcher et al.
    Developmental regulatory mechanisms for peripheral nervous system formation appear to be conserved in ascidians despite extensive genomic divergence after 390 MY of separate evolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dual function of the PI3K-Akt-mTORC1 axis in myelination of the peripheral nervous system

    Gianluca Figlia et al.
    High PI3K-Akt-mTORC1 activity inhibits Schwann cell differentiation, while after onset of myelination, residual PI3K-Akt-mTORC1 activity promotes myelin growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Proteome profile of peripheral myelin in healthy mice and in a neuropathy model

    Sophie B Siems et al.
    A comprehensive compendium of myelin proteins in the peripheral nervous system has been created, alongside a method to address molecular diversity of myelin sheaths in health and disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    MEGF8 is a modifier of BMP signaling in trigeminal sensory neurons

    Caitlin Engelhard et al.
    A protein called Megf8 regulates the activity of key signaling molecules involved in the development of the peripheral nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical control of ERK and AKT signaling promotes axon regeneration and functional recovery of PNS and CNS in Drosophila

    Qin Wang et al.
    Precise spatiotemporal optogenetic activation of ERK and AKT signaling pathways reveals neural repair mechanisms of the peripheral and central nervous systems in live Drosophila larvae.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic early clusters of nodal proteins contribute to node of Ranvier assembly during myelination of peripheral neurons

    Elise LV Malavasi et al.
    Dynamic early clusters of nodal proteins in peripheral nerves represent a neurofascin-dependent developmental stage of node assembly during myelination that precedes heminode formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Schwann cells, but not Oligodendrocytes, Depend Strictly on Dynamin 2 Function

    Daniel Gerber et al.
    In the peripheral nervous system, the large GTPase dynamin 2 is required for Schwann cell survival, developmental radial sorting of axons, myelination, and myelin maintenance.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic mapping of etiologic brain cell types for obesity

    Pascal N Timshel et al.
    Unbiased computational integration of single-cell- and human genetics data shows that susceptibility to obesity is driven by a broad set of neuronal populations across the brain.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell RNA analysis identifies pre-migratory neural crest cells expressing markers of differentiated derivatives

    Ezra Lencer et al.
    Pre-migratory and early migratory neural crest cells in zebrafish are transcriptionally diverse, with some cells expressing genes associated with differentiated derivatives while still in the neural tube.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of mTORC1 and c-Jun by Prohibitin1 loss in Schwann cells may link mitochondrial dysfunction to demyelination

    Gustavo Della-Flora Nunes et al.
    mTORC1 and c-Jun are implicated in a possible mechanism causing myelin loss downstream of mitochondrial dysfunction in Schwann cells.

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