190 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The AAA protein Msp1 mediates clearance of excess tail-anchored proteins from the peroxisomal membrane

    Nicholas R Weir et al.
    Msp1, a membrane-integral AAA ATPase at mitochondria and peroxisomes, selectively recognizes uncomplexed substrate molecules in vivo while avoiding substrates stabilized by binding partners.
    1. Cell Biology

    Peroxisomal lactate dehydrogenase is generated by translational readthrough in mammals

    Fabian Schueren et al.
    Whole-genome in silico screening for stop codon contexts that produce elevated translational readthrough and peroxisome targeting reveals that in mammals, the amount of lactate dehydrogenase in the peroxisome is controlled by translational readthrough.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Curcumin promotes AApoAII amyloidosis and peroxisome proliferation in mice by activating the PPARα signaling pathway

    Jian Dai et al.
    Curcumin regulates gene expression via PPARa activation and exhibits biological activities involved in amyloidosis, peroxisome proliferation, lipid metabolism, and hepatocyte hypertrophy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Peroxisomal dysfunctions cause lysosomal storage and axonal Kv1 channel redistribution in peripheral neuropathy

    Sandra Kleinecke et al.
    Dysfunctions of myelin peroxisomes cause a lysosomal storage-like disorder associated with alterations in glial and axonal membranes, which is the likely cause of nerve impairment in peroxisomal disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    LRP1 regulates peroxisome biogenesis and cholesterol homeostasis in oligodendrocytes and is required for proper CNS myelin development and repair

    Jing-Ping Lin et al.
    In oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, lipid metabolism and peroxisome biogenesis are regulated by the low-density lipoprotein related-receptor-1, and if disrupted, impair proper white matter development and adult repair.
    1. Cell Biology

    The peroxisome counteracts oxidative stresses by suppressing catalase import via Pex14 phosphorylation

    Kanji Okumoto et al.
    H2O2-induced phosphorylation at Ser232 of Pex14 spatiotemporally regulates peroxisomal import of catalase, functioning in counteracting action against oxidative stress by the increase of cytosolic catalase.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Bladder-cancer-associated mutations in RXRA activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors to drive urothelial proliferation

    Angela M Halstead et al.
    Bladder-cancer-associated RXRA mutations were found to stimulate urothelial proliferation through a mechanism susceptible to small molecule inhibitors of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors, credentialing a new class of targetable drivers of bladder cancer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Evaluation of predictions of the stochastic model of organelle production based on exact distributions

    C Jeremy Craven
    A reanalysis of the stochastic model of organelle production (Mukherji and O'Shea, 2014) suggests that this model requires significant further discussion.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mechanisms of organelle biogenesis govern stochastic fluctuations in organelle abundance

    Shankar Mukherji, Erin K O'Shea
    A systematic comparison of experimentally measured and theoretically predicted magnitudes of organelle abundance fluctuations suggests that budding yeast produces the maximum level of variability in organelle abundance that can be generated by organelle biogenesis pathways.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative cobinding of synthetic and natural ligands to the nuclear receptor PPARγ

    Jinsai Shang et al.
    Synthetic PPARγ ligands push and cobind with natural endogenous ligands, instead of compete and displace, which synergistically affects the structure and function of PPARγ.

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