Whole-genome in silico screening for stop codon contexts that produce elevated translational readthrough and peroxisome targeting reveals that in mammals, the amount of lactate dehydrogenase in the peroxisome is controlled by translational readthrough.
Dysfunctions of myelin peroxisomes cause a lysosomal storage-like disorder associated with alterations in glial and axonal membranes, which is the likely cause of nerve impairment in peroxisomal disorders.
In oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, lipid metabolism and peroxisome biogenesis are regulated by the low-density lipoprotein related-receptor-1, and if disrupted, impair proper white matter development and adult repair.
H2O2-induced phosphorylation at Ser232 of Pex14 spatiotemporally regulates peroxisomal import of catalase, functioning in counteracting action against oxidative stress by the increase of cytosolic catalase.
Bladder-cancer-associated RXRA mutations were found to stimulate urothelial proliferation through a mechanism susceptible to small molecule inhibitors of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors, credentialing a new class of targetable drivers of bladder cancer.
A systematic comparison of experimentally measured and theoretically predicted magnitudes of organelle abundance fluctuations suggests that budding yeast produces the maximum level of variability in organelle abundance that can be generated by organelle biogenesis pathways.