1,549 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Calpain fosters the hyperexcitability of motoneurons after spinal cord injury and leads to spasticity

    Vanessa Plantier et al.
    Calpain is a promising therapeutic target to reduce spasticity after a spinal cord injury.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Biophysical mechanisms in the mammalian respiratory oscillator re-examined with a new data-driven computational model

    Ryan S Phillips et al.
    Computational modeling motivated by recent experiments clarifies biophysical mechanisms generating the rhythm and amplitude of breathing at the level of neurons and brain circuits in mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reinstatement of long-term memory following erasure of its behavioral and synaptic expression in Aplysia

    Shanping Chen et al.
    Storage of long-term memory in Aplysia does not require stable synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    IGF-1 facilitates extinction of conditioned fear

    Laura E Maglio et al.
    Insulin-like growth factor-1 activates the prefrontal cortex and improves the extinction of aversive memories.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Quiescence unveils a novel mutational force in fission yeast

    Serge Gangloff et al.
    The quiescence-driven mutational landscape reveals replication-independent mutagenesis as a novel evolutionary force.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two opposite voltage-dependent currents control the unusual early development pattern of embryonic Renshaw cell electrical activity

    Juliette Boeri et al.
    A simple mechanism, based on the synergy of two major opposing voltage-dependent currents that are ubiquitous in neurons, produces functional diversity of developing Renshaw cells in the embryo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Organelle calcium-derived voltage oscillations in pacemaker neurons drive the motor program for food-seeking behavior in Aplysia

    Alexis Bédécarrats et al.
    An atypical neuronal pacemaker mechanism triggers feeding motor pattern in Aplysia..
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of multicellularity by collective integration of spatial information

    Enrico Sandro Colizzi et al.
    Selection for undifferentiated multicellularity emerges in an evolutionary cell-based model because a collective of cells performs chemotaxis better than single cells in a noisy environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent firing in LEC III neurons is differentially modulated by learning and aging

    Carmen Lin et al.
    Temporal associative learning enhances persistent firing in lateral entorhinal cortex (LEC) layer III neurons, while aging decreases persistent firing, leading to cognitive impairments.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mixed-mode oscillations and population bursting in the pre-Bötzinger complex

    Bartholomew J Bacak et al.
    Computational modeling reveals the mechanisms by which a diverse group of neurons in the brainstem generates rhythmic breathing in mammals.

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