290 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Personality links with lifespan in chimpanzees

    Drew M Altschul et al.
    Among captive chimpanzees, higher agreeableness males and higher openness females survive longer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mediation of greed personality trait on economic risk-taking

    Weiwei Li et al.
    Greed personality trait is associated with behavioral loss aversion via the mediation of the neural loss aversion signal in the medial orbitofrontal cortex.
    1. Ecology

    A small number of workers with specific personality traits perform tool use in ants

    István Maák et al.
    The likelihood to perform tool use during foraging is linked to personality traits in ants, suggesting an original interplay between consistent inter-individual variability and division of labor in social species.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    National and regional seasonal dynamics of all-cause and cause-specific mortality in the USA from 1980 to 2016

    Robbie M Parks et al.
    All parts of the USA are similarly adapted to temperature seasonality, although mortality seasonality, and how it has changed since the 1980s, depend on age and sex.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Mapping the endemicity and seasonality of clinical malaria for intervention targeting in Haiti using routine case data

    Ewan Cameron et al.
    A demonstration of the power of routine case data and statistical modelling to guide the allocation of anti-malarial interventions in a resource-constrained setting.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Seasonal variation and etiologic inferences of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea mortality in India

    Daniel S Farrar et al.
    Nationally-representative verbal autopsies can be linked to seasonal patterns, clinical syndromes, and climate regions to describe novel insights regarding the microbiologic etiologies of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea in India.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perception of social interaction compresses subjective duration in an oxytocin-dependent manner

    Rui Liu et al.
    The subjective time of social interactions reflects one's autistic-like tendency and is critically mediated by oxytocin, indicating that time perception is ingrained with personality traits, which likely have neuroendocrine origins as per previous research.
    1. Ecology

    A fitness trade-off between seasons causes multigenerational cycles in phenotype and population size

    Gustavo S Betini et al.
    Seasonal variation in resources causes opposing episodes of selection on body size, which interact with density dependence to influence population dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Objective pupillometry shows that perceptual styles covary with autistic-like personality traits

    Chiara Tortelli et al.
    Pupillometry tracks individual differences linked with autistic traits independently of illusion susceptibility and perceptual reports.
    1. Medicine
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Reducing respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization in a lower-income country by vaccinating mothers-to-be and their households

    Samuel PC Brand et al.
    Targeting the mothers, and other household members, of newborns with a mixture of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccines is both efficient and effective at reducing RSV hospitalizations.

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