1,719 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Type III CRISPR-Cas systems can provide redundancy to counteract viral escape from type I systems

    Sukrit Silas et al.
    Cooperation between evolutionarily disparate CRISPR-Cas modules allows bacteria to counter mutational escape by viruses.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Structure of a Holliday junction complex reveals mechanisms governing a highly regulated DNA transaction

    Gurunathan Laxmikanthan et al.
    The structure of a multi-protein DNA recombination reaction intermediate reveals how regulation is achieved by protein-mediated DNA wrapping around a core enzyme-substrate complex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The intractable challenge of evaluating cattle vaccination as a control for bovine Tuberculosis

    Andrew James Kerr Conlan et al.
    Natural transmission experiments should be prioritised over risky and expensive field trials, in order to establish the impact of cattle vaccination on the transmission of bovine Tuberculosis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Conjunction of factors triggering waves of seasonal influenza

    Ishanu Chattopadhyay et al.
    Three complementary computational approaches reveal a set of putative causes of initiation of pan-USA waves of influenza.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex-wide BOLD fMRI activity reflects locally-recorded slow oscillation-associated calcium waves

    Miriam Schwalm et al.
    Locally recorded calcium events related to slow wave activity show a global cortical fMRI BOLD correlate, establishing a direct relation between a basic neurophysiological signal and the macroscopic perspective of pre-clinical fMRI.
    1. Neuroscience

    Precisely timed dopamine signals establish distinct kinematic representations of skilled movements

    Alexandra Bova et al.
    Dopamine signaling gradually causes long-lasting changes in fine motor coordination that can later be activated by acute changes in dopamine neuron activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal cascade of frontal, motor and muscle processes underlying human action-stopping

    Sumitash Jana et al.
    The sequence of neural and physiological processes underlying action-stopping has been delineated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Induced sensorimotor cortex plasticity remediates chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect

    Jacinta O'Shea et al.
    Tonic disinhibition of left motor cortex during prism adaptation enhanced consolidation of sensorimotor and cognitive prism after effects, causing lasting clinical gains in three patient cases with chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple time-scales of decision-making in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex

    Wenbo Tang et al.
    Hippocampal and prefrontal neuronal populations form slow behavioral-timescale (~seconds) and fast cognitive-timescale (~100 ms) sequential activity patterns as theta and replay sequences, which play distinct yet cooperative roles in memory-guided decision-making.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Medicine

    A randomized feasibility trial comparing four antimalarial drug regimens to induce Plasmodium falciparum gametocytemia in the controlled human malaria infection model

    Isaie J Reuling et al.
    Controlled human malaria infection model allows the study of gametocyte biology and dynamics providing novel insights and tools in malaria transmission and elimination efforts.

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