29 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribosomal mutations promote the evolution of antibiotic resistance in a multidrug environment

    James E Gomez et al.
    Mutations in several components of a bacterial ribosome are shown to broadly decrease antibiotic and stress sensitivity, and readily accessible reversion mutations allow these ribosomal mutations to serve as stepping stones to high level antibiotic resistance.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Defective AMH signaling disrupts GnRH neuron development and function and contributes to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

    Samuel Andrew Malone et al.
    Mouse in vivo and in vitro analysis and human genetic screening highlight the role of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) signaling in GnRH neuronal development and function, and identify mutations in AMH and AMHR2 in CHH patients.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Systematic identification of mutations and copy number alterations associated with cancer patient prognosis

    Joan C Smith, Jason M Sheltzer
    Gene copy number provides more prognostic information than gene mutation status in cancer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Salivary and plasmatic oxytocin are not reliable trait markers of the physiology of the oxytocin system in humans

    Daniel Martins et al.
    Single measurements of baseline salivary and plasmatic oxytocin are not sufficiently reliable to provide valid trait markers of the physiology of the oxytocin system in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations of specific cortical GABAergic circuits underlie abnormal network activity in a mouse model of Down syndrome

    Javier Zorrilla de San Martin et al.
    Distinct intrinsic excitability and synaptic dysfunctions in specific cortical inhibitory circuits lead to abnormal network activity in a mouse model of Down syndrome.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Sec14-like phosphatidylinositol transfer protein paralog defines a novel class of heme-binding proteins

    Danish Khan et al.
    A new class of fungal hemoproteins is described that emphasizes the versatility of the Sec14-fold for translating binding of chemically distinct ligands to control of diverse sets of cellular activities.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Integrative analysis of large-scale loss-of-function screens identifies robust cancer-associated genetic interactions

    Christopher J Lord et al.
    Computational approach to identify reproducible genetic interactions in cancer reveals that they are enriched among protein–protein interaction pairs.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABA neurons in the ventral tegmental area regulate non-rapid eye movement sleep in mice

    Srikanta Chowdhury et al.
    Functional identification of GABAergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area as a important neuronal subpopulation regulating non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep in mice.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Identification of human glucocorticoid response markers using integrated multi-omic analysis from a randomized crossover trial

    Dimitrios Chantzichristos et al.
    A human experimental model for physiological glucocorticoid exposure and glucocorticoid withdrawal identifies a multi-omic cluster, including microRNA miR-122-5p and metabolites, associated with glucocorticoid-responsive genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between respiratory oscillators in adult rats

    Robert TR Huckstepp et al.
    Active expiration in anesthetized rats is driven by the lateral parafacial region, but requires an additional form of excitation from another source.

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