94 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The anti-tubercular drug delamanid as a potential oral treatment for visceral leishmaniasis

    Stephen Patterson et al.
    Biological and pharmacokinetic studies indicate that the anti-tubercular drug, delamanid, could be repurposed for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Bidirectional interactions between indomethacin and the murine intestinal microbiota

    Xue Liang et al.
    Indomethacin, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, alters the composition of the intestinal microbiota, and the intestinal microbiota affect the pharmacokinetics of indomethacin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuromodulation: Transcranial electric stimulation seen from within the brain

    Angel V Peterchev
    Computer models can make transcranial electric stimulation a better tool for research and therapy.
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Adverse Drug Reactions: The benefits of data mining

    Audrey Bone, Keith Houck
    Careful analysis of a database populated by physicians and patients sheds new light on the side effects of drugs.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Constitutive activation of kappa opioid receptors at ventral tegmental area inhibitory synapses following acute stress

    Abigail M Polter et al.
    Rats exposed to a single stressful event experience days-long constitutive activation of the kappa opioid receptor at inhibitory synapses in part of the brain’s reward system, which increases their drug-seeking behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Coalescing beneficial host and deleterious antiparasitic actions as an antischistosomal strategy

    John D Chan et al.
    Engagement of both host and parasite signaling pathways proves a novel approach for developing improved anti-parasitic therapies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for potent and broad inhibition of HIV-1 RT by thiophene[3,2-d]pyrimidine non-nucleoside inhibitors

    Yang Yang et al.
    High-resolution structures of HIV-1 RT in complex with two newly developed non-nucleoside inhibitors explain how they retain antiviral activities against drug-resistant RT mutants with considerably reduced susceptibility to rilpivirine.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin improves behavioral and electrophysiological deficits in a novel Shank3-deficient rat

    Hala Harony-Nicolas et al.
    The production, validation and study of a novel rat model for Phelan McDermid Syndrome shows an ameliorative effect of oxytocin on both social and attentional deficits.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribosomal mutations promote the evolution of antibiotic resistance in a multidrug environment

    James E Gomez et al.
    Mutations in several components of a bacterial ribosome are shown to broadly decrease antibiotic and stress sensitivity, and readily accessible reversion mutations allow these ribosomal mutations to serve as stepping stones to high level antibiotic resistance.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cell-based HTS identifies a chemical chaperone for preventing ER protein aggregation and proteotoxicity

    Keisuke Kitakaze et al.
    Cell-based high-throughput screening identifies IBT21 as a chemical chaperone, that inhibits ER protein aggregation and prevents the cell death caused by a proteotoxin, the aggregation-prone prion protein.

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