6,495 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanisms of opening and closing of the bacterial replicative helicase

    Jillian Chase et al.
    Analysis of the Escherichia coli DnaB helicase•bacteriophage λ helicase loader (λP) complex provides insights into helicase opening, delivery to the origin and ssDNA entry, and closing in preparation for translocation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM single particle analysis with the Volta phase plate

    Radostin Danev, Wolfgang Baumeister
    The Volta phase plate enables in-focus single particle analysis at near atomic resolutions, which could expand the capabilities of cryo-EM, especially for small, flexible or heterogeneous macromolecular samples.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning improves decoding of odor identity with phase-referenced oscillations in the olfactory bulb

    Justin Losacco et al.
    Tetrode recordings show that the amplitude of gamma oscillations encodes for information on contextual odorant identity when observed at the peak phase of the theta oscillation in the olfactory bulb.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    CRISPR-based herd immunity can limit phage epidemics in bacterial populations

    Pavel Payne et al.
    Bacteria can exhibit herd immunity protection against phages, which may play a significant role in their ecology and evolution.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    3D virtual pathohistology of lung tissue from Covid-19 patients based on phase contrast X-ray tomography

    Marina Eckermann et al.
    Phase contrast X-ray tomography based on a combination of parallel and cone beam geometry extends conventional histology by a third dimension and enables full quantication of tissue remodeling in COVID-19.
    1. Neuroscience

    Firing rate-dependent phase responses of Purkinje cells support transient oscillations

    Yunliang Zang et al.
    Computational and theoretical models show that rate adaptation of phase responses can regulate Purkinje cell outputs by forming transient oscillations in fast-spiking neurons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Using the Volta phase plate with defocus for cryo-EM single particle analysis

    Radostin Danev et al.
    Building on previous work in cryo-electron microscopy (Entchev et al, 2015), it shown that a combination of the Volta phase plate and a small amount of defocus can simplify the experimental set-up, increase the data acquisition rate and improve resolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Checkpoint inhibition of origin firing prevents inappropriate replication outside of S-phase

    Mark C Johnson et al.
    The S-phase checkpoint has roles in all phases of the cell cycle, which has implications for the majority of cancers that lack cell cycle controls.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mesoscale phase separation of chromatin in the nucleus

    Gaurav Bajpai et al.
    Computer simulations show transitions between novel types of chromatin organization (peripheral, central, conventional) depending on chromatin interactions with itself, the lamin and nuclear hydration, measured in recent experiments.

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