776 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Narrow equilibrium window for complex coacervation of tau and RNA under cellular conditions

    Yanxian Lin et al.
    Liquid-liquid phase separation of tau is demonstrated to be an equilibrium state, stable only within a narrow range near physiological conditions, and thus has the capacity to regulate biological processes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Gene-free methodology for cell fate dynamics during development

    Francis Corson, Eric D Siggia
    Mathematical methods based on geometry that directly embody the developmental concepts of competency, commitment, and determination provide succinct descriptions of morphogenesis and allow quantitative predictions from fits to sparse genetic data in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Shape selection and mis-assembly in viral capsid formation by elastic frustration

    Carlos I Mendoza, David Reguera
    Nucleation, elasticity theory, and simulations were combined to construct a general phase diagram that elucidates the conditions for successful viral assembly and the key factors to prevent it.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Phylodynamic theory of persistence, extinction and speciation of rapidly adapting pathogens

    Le Yan et al.
    A model of pathogen co-evolving with host population continuously acquiring immunity is used to identify evolutionary parameters allowing pathogen population to persist without going extinct or splitting into independent lineages.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanics and kinetics of dynamic instability

    Thomas CT Michaels et al.
    A theoretical framework for the growth of microtubules quantifies the roles of geometry, mechanics, kinetics and randomness and provides a phase diagram for dynamic instability in these self-assembled polymers.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mapping out Min protein patterns in fully confined fluidic chambers

    Yaron Caspi, Cees Dekker
    The geometry selection rules of dynamic Min protein patterns are determined in fully confined fluidic chambers, showing that both oscillations and running waves are derivatives of spiral rotations that are established as the majority pattern.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Charge-driven condensation of RNA and proteins suggests broad role of phase separation in cytoplasmic environments

    Bercem Dutagaci et al.
    Charge complementarity between RNA and proteins may be a universal principle for phase separation in biology without requiring disorder or specific multivalent interactions.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Design of biochemical pattern forming systems from minimal motifs

    Philipp Glock et al.
    Theoretical analysis and in vitro reconstitution of a biological reaction-diffusion system identify key functional motifs as well as underlying principles and enable rebuilding pattern formation in a modular fashion.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Decoding the physical principles of two-component biomolecular phase separation

    Yaojun Zhang et al.
    Phase separation of two-component multivalent systems is suppressed at rational polymer stoichiometries, suggesting possible cellular strategies for regulating the formation and function of biomolecular condensates.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Intrinsically disordered linkers determine the interplay between phase separation and gelation in multivalent proteins

    Tyler S Harmon et al.
    Computational modeling and theoretical analysis reveal how disordered linkers determine whether linear multivalent proteins undergo gelation with or without phase separation.

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