2,536 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A lipid bound actin meshwork organizes liquid phase separation in model membranes

    Alf Honigmann et al.
    A combination of imaging experiments and computer simulations on a model lipid membrane integrate the 'picket fence' and 'raft' models, and suggest that the interplay between actin binding, lipid phase separation and curvature compartmentalize the membrane.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Intrinsically disordered linkers determine the interplay between phase separation and gelation in multivalent proteins

    Tyler S Harmon et al.
    Computational modeling and theoretical analysis reveal how disordered linkers determine whether linear multivalent proteins undergo gelation with or without phase separation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Pi-Pi contacts are an overlooked protein feature relevant to phase separation

    Robert McCoy Vernon et al.
    Statistics on the frequencies of pi interactions in folded protein structures enable successful prediction of intrinsically disordered protein phase separation, with clear implications for a physical understanding of cellular organization.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Evidence for DNA-mediated nuclear compartmentalization distinct from phase separation

    David Trombley McSwiggen et al.
    Transient DNA interactions by DNA-binding proteins are utilized by herpes simple virus as an alternative route to generate membraneless compartments in the nucleus without invoking phase separation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Pat1 promotes processing body assembly by enhancing the phase separation of the DEAD-box ATPase Dhh1 and RNA

    Ruchika Sachdev et al.
    The protein Pat1 functions in the assembly of processing bodies, cellular membraneless organelles, by promoting the liquid–liquid phase separation of the DEAD-box ATPase Dhh1 and RNA.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Spatial patterning of P granules by RNA-induced phase separation of the intrinsically-disordered protein MEG-3

    Jarrett Smith et al.
    A competition for RNA drives the localized assembly of RNA granules in the C. elegans embryo.
    1. Cell Biology

    Oscillatory phase separation in giant lipid vesicles induced by transmembrane osmotic differentials

    Kamila Oglęcka et al.
    Spontaneous osmoregulation in giant phospholipid vesicles, which is characterized by oscillations in vesicle size and membrane tension, couples to the compositional degrees of freedom at the membrane surface to produce oscillations in domain texture and induce isothermal phase change.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Nucleophosmin integrates within the nucleolus via multi-modal interactions with proteins displaying R-rich linear motifs and rRNA

    Diana M Mitrea et al.
    Nucleolar protein localization involves the phase separation within the nucleolar matrix via three types of multivalent features: acidic tracts, nucleic acid binding domains and arginine-rich low complexity sequences.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Phase transitions of multivalent proteins can promote clustering of membrane receptors

    Sudeep Banjade, Michael K Rosen
    A new and general mechanism describes the organization of membrane proteins and their cytoplasmic ligands into micrometer-scale clusters, based on polymerization and concomitant phase separation of multivalent proteins.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Narrow equilibrium window for complex coacervation of tau and RNA under cellular conditions

    Yanxian Lin et al.
    Liquid-liquid phase separation of tau is demonstrated to be an equilibrium state, stable only within a narrow range near physiological conditions, and thus has the capacity to regulate biological processes.

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