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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Nucleophosmin integrates within the nucleolus via multi-modal interactions with proteins displaying R-rich linear motifs and rRNA

    Diana M Mitrea et al.
    Nucleolar protein localization involves the phase separation within the nucleolar matrix via three types of multivalent features: acidic tracts, nucleic acid binding domains and arginine-rich low complexity sequences.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Narrow equilibrium window for complex coacervation of tau and RNA under cellular conditions

    Yanxian Lin et al.
    Liquid-liquid phase separation of tau is demonstrated to be an equilibrium state, stable only within a narrow range near physiological conditions, and thus has the capacity to regulate biological processes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Phase transitions of multivalent proteins can promote clustering of membrane receptors

    Sudeep Banjade, Michael K Rosen
    A new and general mechanism describes the organization of membrane proteins and their cytoplasmic ligands into micrometer-scale clusters, based on polymerization and concomitant phase separation of multivalent proteins.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Protein phase separation and its role in tumorigenesis

    Shan Jiang et al.
    The current understanding of phase separation is summarized and its emerging roles in cancer are discussed in detail.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Nucleolar dynamics and interactions with nucleoplasm in living cells

    Christina M Caragine et al.
    The nucleoplasm surrounding nucleoli in living cells plays a key role in nucleolar dynamics and shape fluctuations in vivo.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatial control of irreversible protein aggregation

    Christoph Weber et al.
    A theoretical basis for the spatial regulation of protein aggregation shows how aggregates can partition preferentially into intracellular liquid compartments.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The liquid structure of elastin

    Sarah Rauscher, Régis Pomès
    Molecular simulations show how hydrophobicity and conformational disorder underlie the phase separation of elastin-like peptides and the elasticity of human tissues.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Swarming bacteria undergo localized dynamic phase transition to form stress-induced biofilms

    Iago Grobas et al.
    Collective stress response via localized dynamic phase transition turns swarming Bacillus subtilis into biofilms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    HP1 proteins compact DNA into mechanically and positionally stable phase separated domains

    Madeline M Keenen et al.
    Heterochromatin proteins compartmentalize DNA into compact structures resistant to mechanical disruption but susceptible to competitive dissolution.
    1. Cell Biology

    Chronic optogenetic induction of stress granules is cytotoxic and reveals the evolution of ALS-FTD pathology

    Peipei Zhang et al.
    OptoGranules reveal the function of G3BP1 as a stress granule scaffold and demonstrate that protracted stress granule assembly is sufficient to drive neurodegeneration and the evolution of ALS-FTD pathology.