1,761 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Phase transitioned nuclear Oskar promotes cell division of Drosophila primordial germ cells

    Kathryn E Kistler et al.
    The scaffolding protein Oskar organizes two types of germ granules by phase transition within the same cell but with distinct morphologies, composition and biological functions.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Sugar is an endogenous cue for juvenile-to-adult phase transition in plants

    Sha Yu et al.
    Sugar levels in leaves act as a signal for plants to switch from their juvenile to their adult form by regulating the expression of two genes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A first order phase transition mechanism underlies protein aggregation in mammalian cells

    Arjun Narayanan et al.
    Quantitative single molecule and super resolution imaging in mammalian cells reveal a population of precursor aggregates describable by first order phase transition theory.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Pre-transition effects mediate forces of assembly between transmembrane proteins

    Shachi Katira et al.
    A general mechanism for how powerful forces of assembly and protein mobility can emerge from phase transitions is established.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The neuropeptide F/nitric oxide pathway is essential for shaping locomotor plasticity underlying locust phase transition

    Li Hou et al.
    Two neuropeptides, NPF1a and NPF2, act via the nitric oxide signaling pathway in the locust brain to regulate the trait transition between solitary and swarming behavior.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Phase transitions of multivalent proteins can promote clustering of membrane receptors

    Sudeep Banjade, Michael K Rosen
    A new and general mechanism describes the organization of membrane proteins and their cytoplasmic ligands into micrometer-scale clusters, based on polymerization and concomitant phase separation of multivalent proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Intrinsically disordered linkers determine the interplay between phase separation and gelation in multivalent proteins

    Tyler S Harmon et al.
    Computational modeling and theoretical analysis reveal how disordered linkers determine whether linear multivalent proteins undergo gelation with or without phase separation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The synaptonemal complex has liquid crystalline properties and spatially regulates meiotic recombination factors

    Ofer Rog et al.
    Formation of a phase-separated interface between homologous chromosomes during meiosis enables regulatory signals to spread in cis over long distances, illuminating the longstanding mystery of crossover interference.
    1. Cell Biology

    A pH-driven transition of the cytoplasm from a fluid- to a solid-like state promotes entry into dormancy

    Matthias Christoph Munder et al.
    The cytoplasm behaves as an adaptable fluid that can reversibly transition into a protective solid-like state upon stress.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The mobility of packaged phage genome controls ejection dynamics

    Alex Evilevitch
    Temperature and ionic conditions control the mechanical properties of virally encapsidated DNA and act as a switch between synchronized and desynchronized genome ejection dynamics in a phage population.

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