4,960 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Surprising phenotypic diversity of cancer-associated mutations of Gly 34 in the histone H3 tail

    Brandon R Lowe et al.
    H3-G34R, V, and W oncohistonesin fission yeast cause differential K36 modification, DNA damage sensitivity and genome stability outcomes, highlighting the need for a thorough evaluation of distinct mutations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Natural mismatch repair mutations mediate phenotypic diversity and drug resistance in Cryptococcus deuterogattii

    R Blake Billmyre et al.
    Eukaryotic pathogens, like Cryptococcus deuterogattii, can use elevated mutation rates to more rapidly adapt to stresses, such as drug challenges, but at the cost of lower fitness in less stressful environments.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Phenotypic diversity and temporal variability in a bacterial signaling network revealed by single-cell FRET

    Johannes M Keegstra et al.
    Noise in a signaling network comprising thousands of molecules shapes diversity across cell populations and generates giant temporal fluctuations at the single-cell level.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Extensive impact of low-frequency variants on the phenotypic landscape at population-scale

    Téo Fournier et al.
    Genome-wide association studies on a diallel yeast panel revealed the relevance of low-frequency variants on the phenotypic diversity and consequently on the missing heritability at a population-scale.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multifactorial processes underlie parallel opsin loss in neotropical bats

    Alexa Sadier et al.
    Parallel losses of short-wave light sensitivity in diverse bats occurred through independent changes at multiple steps in the conversion of genotype into functional phenotype, including pre-, during, and post-transcription.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypothalamic transcriptomes of 99 mouse strains reveal trans eQTL hotspots, splicing QTLs and novel non-coding genes

    Yehudit Hasin-Brumshtein et al.
    In depth characterization of gene expression in the mouse hypothalamus will facilitate understanding of the molecular pathways that affect metabolic traits and discovers new genes associated with these pathways.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Introgression of regulatory alleles and a missense coding mutation drive plumage pattern diversity in the rock pigeon

    Anna I Vickrey et al.
    Different kinds of molecular changes at one genetic locus control different feather pigmentation patterns, and the darkest patterns resulted from hybridization with another species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multivariate analysis of electrophysiological diversity of Xenopus visual neurons during development and plasticity

    Christopher M Ciarleglio et al.
    The diversity of electrophysiological phenotypes of neurons in a functional network increases over development, but can be modulated, and even reduced by sensory experience; allowing them to adapt to a changing and growing brain.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Determining the scale at which variation in a single gene changes population yields

    Erica McGale et al.
    Variation in the gene NaMPK4 in plant populations increases reproductive yield, an effect which appears to be independent of soil water availability, neighbor-scale interactions and associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A flagellate-to-amoeboid switch in the closest living relatives of animals

    Thibaut Brunet et al.
    The closest living relatives of animals, the choanoflagellates, switch from a flagellate to an amoeboid phenotype under confinement.

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