4,218 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical ChAT+ neurons co-transmit acetylcholine and GABA in a target- and brain-region-specific manner

    Adam J Granger et al.
    Most ChAT-expressing interneurons are a subset VIP+ interneurons that differentially release GABA and acetylcholine onto different post-synaptic targets, while a separate population of non-VIP ChAT+ neurons release acetylcholine in mPFC.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity controls peptidoglycan synthesis and MreB movement

    Aleksandra Zielińska et al.
    Correct cell wall synthesis in bacteria depends on flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep is bi-directionally modified by amyloid beta oligomers

    Güliz Gürel Özcan et al.
    Amyloid beta, the major component of plaques in Alzheimer's disease, acutely and reversibly signals to modulate sleep as a function of oligomeric length, independently of neuronal loss.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD56 regulates human NK cell cytotoxicity through Pyk2

    Justin T Gunesch et al.
    CD56/NCAM, the prototypical marker of human natural killer cells, promotes lytic function towards susceptible target cells by signaling through protein tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2).
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A non-mosaic transchromosomic mouse model of Down syndrome carrying the long arm of human chromosome 21

    Yasuhiro Kazuki et al.
    TcMAC21 is an appropriate “next gen” mouse model for DS research, and provides a proof of concept of using artificial chromosomes to generate non-mosaic humanized animal models of chromosome disorders.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Diverse homeostatic and immunomodulatory roles of immune cells in the developing mouse lung at single cell resolution

    Racquel Domingo-Gonzalez et al.
    Single cell transcriptomics reveal a complex orchestration of lung immune cells during the transition from fetal to air-breathing life to fill context-specific functions in tissue remodeling, angiogenesis, and immunity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Umbilical cord blood-derived ILC1-like cells constitute a novel precursor for mature KIR+NKG2A- NK cells

    Sabrina Bianca Bennstein et al.
    Neonatal ILC1-like cells are functionally immature but have the unique potential to generate NK cells characterized by downregulation of NKG2A and a highly diverse KIR receptor repertoire.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cancer systems immunology

    Nathan E Reticker-Flynn, Edgar G Engleman
    Cancer systems immunology is a highly interdisciplinary field that is advancing our ability to understand and predict the complex behavior that orchestrates the interplay between tumors and the immune system.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Isolation and transcriptomic analysis of Anopheles gambiae oenocytes enables the delineation of hydrocarbon biosynthesis

    Linda Grigoraki et al.
    Delineation of the cuticular hydrocarbon biosynthetic pathway in malaria vectors is a key step in understanding how mosquitoes adapt to anthropogenic change and vector control interventions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CARD14E138A signalling in keratinocytes induces TNF-dependent skin and systemic inflammation

    Joan Manils et al.
    Expression of a psoriasis-associated CARD14E138A mutant in keratinocytes induces TNF-dependent localised skin and systemic inflammation independently of the adaptive immune system.

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