113 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Convergent evolution of small molecule pheromones in Pristionchus nematodes

    Chuanfu Dong et al.
    Unexpected structural diversity of nematode small molecules, as revealed by high-resolution phylogenetic analysis, suggests recurrent biochemical innovation, a pattern that is probably typical across animals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neuropeptide regulates fighting behavior in Drosophila melanogaster

    Fengming Wu et al.
    Dsk-expressing neurons function downstream of a subset of P1 neurons to control fighting behavior.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    An alternatively spliced, non-signaling insulin receptor modulates insulin sensitivity via insulin peptide sequestration in C. elegans

    Bryan A Martinez et al.
    A truncated, non-signaling insulin receptor regulates insulin sensitivity in the nematode C. elegans by sequestering insulin peptides and preventing their interaction with full length receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of social cluster by collective pairwise encounters in Drosophila

    Lifen Jiang et al.
    Cascades of transient pairwise interactions, stabilized by multisensory inputs, drive the formation of a well-organized social structure from a group of loosely distributed flies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel lineage of candidate pheromone receptors for sex communication in moths

    Lucie Bastin-Héline et al.
    In moths, male receptors tuned to type I female pheromones may not have a monophyletic origin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reliability of an interneuron response depends on an integrated sensory state

    May Dobosiewicz et al.
    A pair of interneurons in C. elegans condenses information from multiple sensory neurons into a uniform response, using an AND-gate logic to represent a stimulus with positive valence.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cytoplasmic retention and degradation of a mitotic inducer enable plant infection by a pathogenic fungus

    Paola Bardetti et al.
    Degradation of a mitotic inducer coordinates the transition of two successive cell cycle arrests during the infective process of a plant pathogenic fungus.

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