3,394 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Protein phosphatase 1 activity controls a balance between collective and single cell modes of migration

    Yujun Chen et al.
    Protein phosphatase 1 activity promotes cohesive collective cell migration by restricting actomyosin contractility to the periphery of the collective and maintaining proper cadherin–catenin complex protein levels at cell–cell junctions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reciprocal regulation of ARPP-16 by PKA and MAST3 kinases provides a cAMP-regulated switch in protein phosphatase 2A inhibition

    Veronica Musante et al.
    A complex interplay between MAST3 and PKA protein kinases and the regulatory protein ARPP-16 allows cAMP to control the activity of protein phosphatase 2A.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Fcp1 phosphatase controls Greatwall kinase to promote PP2A-B55 activation and mitotic progression

    Rosa Della Monica et al.
    The phosphatase Fcp1 inactivates Greatwall kinase at the end of mitosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Two bifunctional inositol pyrophosphate kinases/phosphatases control plant phosphate homeostasis

    Jinsheng Zhu et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analysis of two enzymes reveals that inositol pyrophosphate signaling molecules allow plants to sense and regulate cellular phosphate levels, and to take up more phosphate when needed.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Two receptor tyrosine phosphatases dictate the depth of axonal stabilizing layer in the visual system

    Satoko Hakeda-Suzuki et al.
    Two receptor tyrosine phosphatases having overlapping function for the determination of the final axon stabilizing layer is encoded for their cumulative cytoplasmic activity and ligand specificity in the visual system.
    1. Medicine

    High-phytate/low-calcium diet is a risk factor for crystal nephropathies, renal phosphate wasting, and bone loss

    Ok-Hee Kim et al.
    A high-phytate-low Ca2+ diet causes crystal nephropathies, renal phosphate wasting, and bone disease in rats, whereas high Ca2+ intake ameliorates the detrimental effects of a high-phytate diet.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sphingosine 1-phosphate-regulated transcriptomes in heterogenous arterial and lymphatic endothelium of the aorta

    Eric Engelbrecht et al.
    The sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor-1 (S1PR1) signals in heterogenous populations of mouse adventitial lymphatic (LEC) and arterial endothelial cells (aEC1, aEC2) to regulate chromatin and the transcriptome, thus affecting their phenotypes.
    1. Plant Biology

    A novel role for the root cap in phosphate uptake and homeostasis

    Satomi Kanno et al.
    Real-time 33P imaging combined with specific complementation of inorganic phosphate transport in the root cap reveals this tissue’s contribution to phosphate uptake.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The human SKA complex drives the metaphase-anaphase cell cycle transition by recruiting protein phosphatase 1 to kinetochores

    Sushama Sivakumar et al.
    Microtubule binding by the Spindle and Kinetochore Associated (Ska) complex concentrates protein phosphatase 1 at metaphase kinetochores to overcome the spindle checkpoint thus driving anaphase onset and mitotic exit.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A CDC25 family protein phosphatase gates cargo recognition by the Vps26 retromer subunit

    Tie-Zhong Cui et al.
    The CDC25 family protein phosphatase Mih1 promotes downregulation of cell surface proteins in budding yeast by dephosphorylating a subunit of the retromer complex, which mediates plasma membrane recycling.

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