2,890 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    TRF1 averts chromatin remodelling, recombination and replication dependent-break induced replication at mouse telomeres

    Rosa Maria Porreca et al.
    TRF1 suppresses replication fork stalling, which triggers break induced replication at telomeres associated with DNA damage response, alteration in the telomere chromatin environment, and re-localisation of telomeres to PML bodies.
    1. Cancer Biology

    STRIPAK directs PP2A activity toward MAP4K4 to promote oncogenic transformation of human cells

    Jong Wook Kim et al.
    ST recruitment of STRIPAK facilitates PP2A-mediated dephosphorylation of MAP4K4 and induces cell transformation highlighting that STRIPAK complex plays a key role in defining PP2A specificity and activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gab1 mediates PDGF signaling and is essential to oligodendrocyte differentiation and CNS myelination

    Liang Zhou et al.
    Gab1 is a key downstream effector of PDGF signaling and essential to oligodendrocyte differentiation by linking PDGF signaling with GSK3β/β-catenin module.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust perisomatic GABAergic self-innervation inhibits basket cells in the human and mouse supragranular neocortex

    Viktor Szegedi et al.
    Abundant self-inhibitory synapses in the layer 2/3 of human neocortex strongly regulate the function of basket cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-type-specific regulation of neuronal intrinsic excitability by macroautophagy

    Ori J Lieberman et al.
    In addition to its classic role in synaptic function and plasticity, macroautophagy regulates neuronal intrinsic excitability via degradation of acetylated Kir2 channels to control neurotransmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    LAR receptor phospho-tyrosine phosphatases regulate NMDA-receptor responses

    Alessandra Sclip, Thomas C Südhof
    LAR-RPTPs are not essential for synapse formation, but they are important determinants of synapse properties as they contribute to regulate postsynaptic NMDA receptor function.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Homeostatic control of cell wall hydrolysis by the WalRK two-component signaling pathway in Bacillus subtilis

    Genevieve S Dobihal et al.
    Molecular genetic analyses define the first homeostatic control pathway that maintains cell wall remodeling activity during bacterial growth.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    PCK1 and DHODH drive colorectal cancer liver metastatic colonization and hypoxic growth by promoting nucleotide synthesis

    Norihiro Yamaguchi et al.
    The gluconeogenic enzyme PCK1 and pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic enzyme DHODH drive hypoxic pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis and liver metastatic colonization in colorectal cancer, which is therapeutically exploitable by DHODH pharmacologic inhibition.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two forms of Opa1 cooperate to complete fusion of the mitochondrial inner-membrane

    Yifan Ge et al.
    An in vitro reconstitution assay reveals stoichiometric levels of the short form of Opa1 work together with the long form of Opa1 to mediate efficient and fast membrane pore opening.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of force-from-lipids gating in the mechanosensitive channel MscS

    Bharat Reddy et al.
    The structure of the mechanosensitive channel MscS embedded in a lipid bilayer redefines the nature, location and importance of lipid–protein interactions in the gating of mechanosensitive channels.

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