3,943 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Extensive site-directed mutagenesis reveals interconnected functional units in the alkaline phosphatase active site

    Fanny Sunden et al.
    Conventional studies have focused on enzymatic residues directly involved in catalysis; dissecting a potential interaction network within which these ‘catalytic residues’ are embedded provides insights fundamental to enzyme function, evolution, and engineering.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A tRNA modification balances carbon and nitrogen metabolism by regulating phosphate homeostasis

    Ritu Gupta et al.
    The role of an amino acid-dependent tRNA modification as a nutrient sensor and regulator of metabolic homeostasis has been discovered.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    PPM1H phosphatase counteracts LRRK2 signaling by selectively dephosphorylating Rab proteins

    Kerryn Berndsen et al.
    PPM1H protein phosphatase dephosphorylates Rab proteins modulating LRRK2 signalling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Fcp1 phosphatase controls Greatwall kinase to promote PP2A-B55 activation and mitotic progression

    Rosa Della Monica et al.
    The phosphatase Fcp1 inactivates Greatwall kinase at the end of mitosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sphingosine 1-phosphate-regulated transcriptomes in heterogenous arterial and lymphatic endothelium of the aorta

    Eric Engelbrecht et al.
    The sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor-1 (S1PR1) signals in heterogenous populations of mouse adventitial lymphatic (LEC) and arterial endothelial cells (aEC1, aEC2) to regulate chromatin and the transcriptome, thus affecting their phenotypes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for substrate specificity of the Phactr1/PP1 phosphatase holoenzyme

    Roman O Fedoryshchak et al.
    Interaction of cofactor Phactr1 with PP1 creates a composite substrate-binding surface that defines the sequence specificity of the Phactr1/PP1 holoenzyme.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A widespread family of serine/threonine protein phosphatases shares a common regulatory switch with proteasomal proteases

    Niels Bradshaw et al.
    Structures of active and inactive conformations of a PP2C family phosphatase reveal a conserved switch that controls enzymatic activity and point to an unexpected relationship between phosphatases and proteasomal proteases.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Stress induced gene expression drives transient DNA methylation changes at adjacent repetitive elements

    David Secco et al.
    Phosphate starvation in rice induces widespread, but transient, modulation of DNA methylation near stress responsive genes that is independent from the RNA-directed DNA methylation pathway.
    1. Neuroscience

    Apolipoprotein M-bound sphingosine-1-phosphate regulates blood–brain barrier paracellular permeability and transcytosis

    Mette Mathiesen Janiurek et al.
    Shortage of blood-borne apolipoprotein-M–bound sphingosine-1-phosphate, which accompanies various brain disorders, causes paracellular leak and increase in transcytosis at the blood–brain barrier, which can be reversed, thus is of clinical relevance.
    1. Plant Biology

    A novel role for the root cap in phosphate uptake and homeostasis

    Satomi Kanno et al.
    Real-time 33P imaging combined with specific complementation of inorganic phosphate transport in the root cap reveals this tissue’s contribution to phosphate uptake.

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