2,820 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The unfolded protein response in fission yeast modulates stability of select mRNAs to maintain protein homeostasis

    Philipp Kimmig et al.
    A unique form of regulation has been observed in the unfolded protein response of S. pombe, along with a novel mechanism of post-transcriptional mRNA processing.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The starvation hormone, fibroblast growth factor-21, extends lifespan in mice

    Yuan Zhang et al.
    Transgenic mice with high levels of FGF21 live for longer than wild-type mice and do so without reducing food intake.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus

    Huan Yan et al.
    Biochemical and genetic tests have revealed that a liver protein called NTCP is a functional receptor for hepatitis B and D viruses, which should lead to an improved understanding of the infections caused by these viruses and assist the development of new intervention strategies.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel role for lipid droplets in the organismal antibacterial response

    Preetha Anand et al.
    Histones bound to lipid droplets inside cells offer protection against bacteria in flies, and possibly mice, thus suggesting a possible new innate immunity pathway.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Non-canonical TAF complexes regulate active promoters in human embryonic stem cells

    Glenn A Maston et al.
    The transcription machinery used to regulate gene expression and self-renewal in human embryonic stem cells is different from that found in other cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Elba, a novel developmentally regulated chromatin boundary factor is a hetero-tripartite DNA binding complex

    Tsutomu Aoki et al.
    A chromatin boundary factor that is only active during early embryo development has been discovered in Drosophila.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic proteins promote calcium-triggered fast transition from point contact to full fusion

    Jiajie Diao et al.
    A combination of advanced optical imaging and cryogenic electron microscopy has been used to explore membrane fusion in a synthetic system and provide new insights into neurotransmitter release.
    1. Neuroscience

    The activity-dependent histone variant H2BE modulates the life span of olfactory neurons

    Stephen W Santoro, Catherine Dulac
    A genome-organizing protein that is present only in the olfactory system of mice has been found to orchestrate changes in the relative numbers of different odor-sensing neurons on the basis of how active these neurons are.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct gating mechanisms revealed by the structures of a multi-ligand gated K+ channel

    Chunguang Kong et al.
    Structural and functional studies of a potassium ion channel that is opened and closed by different ligands have revealed a novel gating mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Meiosis I chromosome segregation is established through regulation of microtubule–kinetochore interactions

    Matthew P Miller et al.
    Preventing premature interactions between microtubules and protein-based structures called kinetochores ensures that chromosomes are segregated by meiosis rather than mitosis in reproductive cells.

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