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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sensing of nutrients by CPT1C regulates late endosome/lysosome anterograde transport and axon growth

    Marta Palomo-Guerrero et al.
    The pseudoenzyme CPT1C is able to sense changes in intracellular malonyl-CoA levels caused by nutrients or energy stress and regulate late endosomes/lysosomes anterograde transport, necessary for proper axon growth.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Helix breaking transition in the S4 of HCN channel is critical for hyperpolarization-dependent gating

    Marina A Kasimova et al.
    The gating polarity of a voltage-gated ion channel is primarily determined by turn propensity of residues at a critical position in the middle of the S4 voltage-sensing helix.
    1. Cell Biology

    Evolutionarily conserved long-chain Acyl-CoA synthetases regulate membrane composition and fluidity

    Mario Ruiz et al.
    Silencing the acyl-coA synthethase ACSL1 protects against saturated fat lipotoxicity by preventing the degradation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, allowing them to be incorporated into phospholipids and improves membrane fluidity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Drosophila model of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis CLN4 reveals a hypermorphic gain of function mechanism

    Elliot Imler et al.
    Genetic analysis of a CLN4 Drosophila model suggests that the disease-causing alleles act as dominant gain of function mutations that cause CSPα oligomerization and impair secretory and prelysosomal trafficking.
    1. Cell Biology

    Crumbs organizes the transport machinery by regulating apical levels of PI(4,5)P2 in Drosophila

    Johanna Lattner et al.
    The polarity protein crumbs controls apical secretion and the architecture of the apical domain by modulating PI(4,5)P2 levels and the organization of apical Rab6-, Rab11-, and Rab30-dependent trafficking.
    1. Cell Biology

    Negative regulation of autophagy by UBA6-BIRC6–mediated ubiquitination of LC3

    Rui Jia, Juan S Bonifacino
    An ensemble of the ubiquitin-activating enzyme UBA6 and ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme/ubiquitin-ligase BIRC6 mediates ubiquitination of LC3, targeting the latter for proteasomal degradation and thus attenuating autophagic degradation of cellular substrates.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Direct binding of phosphatidylglycerol at specific sites modulates desensitization of a ligand-gated ion channel

    Ailing Tong et al.
    Phosphatidylglycerol binding at multiple sites stabilizes the open state relative to the desensitized state of a pentameric ligand-gated ion channel.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Obesity-linked suppression of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7) drives non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Robert N Helsley et al.
    Loss of function of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7), but not transmembrane channel-like 4 (TMC4), promotes hepatic steatosis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Inhibition of ErbB kinase signalling promotes resolution of neutrophilic inflammation

    Atiqur Rahman et al.
    Targeting ErbB receptor tyrosine kinases modifies neutrophil survival and inflammation across multiple species, and reveals a new use for ErbB therapeutics in resolving inflammatory disease.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based characterization of novel TRPV5 inhibitors

    Taylor ET Hughes et al.
    Structure-based virtual screening reveals multiple novel TRPV5 inhibitors that bind and exert their effect from previously unidentified binding sites as characterized by cryo-electron microscopy and electrophysiology.