192 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of phosphatidylcholine recognition by the C2–domain of cytosolic phospholipase A2α

    Yoshinori Hirano et al.
    The C2-domain of cytoplasmic phospholipase A2α is structurally designed to target PC-rich membrane regions to increase the enzymatic efficiency of the catalytic domain, which prefers PCs with polyunsaturated acyl chains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Phospholipase D activity couples plasma membrane endocytosis with retromer dependent recycling

    Rajan Thakur et al.
    Phosphatidic acid regulates recycling of endocytosed plasma membrane vesicles in polarized cells through a retromer and Arf1 dependent process.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Negative regulation of urokinase receptor activity by a GPI-specific phospholipase C in breast cancer cells

    Michiel van Veen et al.
    GDE3 is a transmembrane GPI-specific phospholipase C that sheds the urokinase receptor (uPAR) from the cell surface resulting in loss of uPAR function in breast cancer cells and reduced tumor growth.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Actin foci facilitate activation of the phospholipase C-γ in primary T lymphocytes via the WASP pathway

    Sudha Kumari et al.
    T cell receptor signaling is regulated by newly polymerized F-actin foci at the immunological synapse.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy between serum amyloid A and secretory phospholipase A2

    Shobini Jayaraman et al.
    SAA removes toxic products of lipolysis of the cell membrane by sPLA2, indicating that SAA and sPLA2 act synergistically to clear debris from injured sites, as required for tissue healing.
    1. Cell Biology

    Golgi localized β1-adrenergic receptors stimulate Golgi PI4P hydrolysis by PLCε to regulate cardiac hypertrophy

    Craig A Nash et al.
    β-adrenergic receptors at the Golgi apparatus activate a local signaling pathway, not accessed by cell surface receptors, to drive cardiac hypertrophy and could represent a target for heart failure therapy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for the activation of PLC-γ isozymes by phosphorylation and cancer-associated mutations

    Nicole Hajicek et al.
    The high-resolution X-ray crystal structure of PLC-γ1 reveals a unifying model for the regulation of the PLC-γ isozymes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Sec14-like phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins Sec14l3/SEC14L2 act as GTPase proteins to mediate Wnt/Ca2+ signaling

    Bo Gong et al.
    Sec14l3/SEC14L2 respond to upstream Wnt/Frizzled/Dvl stimulation to recruit and activate phospholipase Cδ4a (Plcδ4a) to further initiate calcium release.
    1. Cell Biology

    Counteracting suppression of CFTR and voltage-gated K+ channels by a bacterial pathogenic factor with the natural product tannic acid

    Yajamana Ramu et al.
    Tannic acid acts as an ‘antidote’ against the negative effects of a bacterial enzyme, which can both aggravate cystic fibrosis and enable the anthrax bacteria to evade the immune responses elicited by a typical live vaccine.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vibrio deploys type 2 secreted lipase to esterify cholesterol with host fatty acids and mediate cell egress

    Suneeta Chimalapati et al.
    Considering the course of a pathogen's evolution, there appears to be interplay between secretion systems, providing unique, synergistic mechanisms to support a successful lifestyle for possibly pathogenesis, symbiosis and/or parasitosis.

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