262 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Fatty acid remodeling by LPCAT3 enriches arachidonate in phospholipid membranes and regulates triglyceride transport

    Tomomi Hashidate-Yoshida et al.
    LPCAT3 incorporates arachidonic acid into membrane phospholipids, which promotes lipoprotein assembly by enabling triacylgylcerols to cluster in the membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Acyl chain asymmetry and polyunsaturation of brain phospholipids facilitate membrane vesiculation without leakage

    Marco M Manni et al.
    The asymmetric combination of saturated and polyunsaturated acyl chains in phospholipids as typically observed in synapses makes membranes prone to deformation and fission without compromising their impermeability.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Lpcat3-dependent production of arachidonoyl phospholipids is a key determinant of triglyceride secretion

    Xin Rong et al.
    The enzyme Lpcat3 plays a unique role in the incorporation of arachidonic acid into membranes, which is required for the production of lipoproteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Differential TAM receptor–ligand–phospholipid interactions delimit differential TAM bioactivities

    Erin D Lew et al.
    Signaling by TAM receptor tyrosine kinases requires the coincident engagement of a TAM ligand with both its receptor and the phospholipid phosphatidylserine.
    1. Cell Biology

    Membrane fluidity is regulated by the C. elegans transmembrane protein FLD-1 and its human homologs TLCD1/2

    Mario Ruiz et al.
    Inhibition of C. elegans FLD-1 or Human TLCD1/2 prevents saturated fat lipotoxicity by allowing increased levels of membrane phospholipids that contain fluidizing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The brown adipocyte protein CIDEA promotes lipid droplet fusion via a phosphatidic acid-binding amphipathic helix

    David Barneda et al.
    An interaction between the brown fat protein CIDEA and the phospholipid phosphatidic acid is vital for the expansion of intracellular lipid droplets for energy storage.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of Ca2+-dependent activation and lipid transport by a TMEM16 scramblase

    Maria E Falzone et al.
    Structures of a TMEM16 phospholipid scramblase reveal that its Ca2+-dependent activation entails global conformational changes and how these rearrangements affect the membrane to enable transbilayer lipid transfer.
    1. Plant Biology

    Structural basis for plant plasma membrane protein dynamics and organization into functional nanodomains

    Julien Gronnier et al.
    Unprecedented resolution of the molecular mechanisms of plant membrane protein anchoring involving phospholipids and sterols reveals the control of spatio-temporal segregation into plasma membrane nanodomains.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Identification of a lipid scrambling domain in ANO6/TMEM16F

    Kuai Yu et al.
    The amino acids that are necessary for phospholipid scrambling by ANO6/TMEM16F can, via domain swapping, confer scrambling activity to the chloride ion channel ANO1 that normally does not scramble phospholipids.
    1. Cell Biology

    Oscillatory phase separation in giant lipid vesicles induced by transmembrane osmotic differentials

    Kamila Oglęcka et al.
    Spontaneous osmoregulation in giant phospholipid vesicles, which is characterized by oscillations in vesicle size and membrane tension, couples to the compositional degrees of freedom at the membrane surface to produce oscillations in domain texture and induce isothermal phase change.

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