1,592 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Protein kinase C coordinates histone H3 phosphorylation and acetylation

    Zoulfia Darieva et al.
    Chromatin structure is altered following DNA replication stress through the activity of protein kinase C signalling which leads to functionally coupled histone H3 phosphorylation and acetylation events.
    1. Cell Biology

    Phosphorylation of β-arrestin2 at Thr383 by MEK underlies β-arrestin-dependent activation of Erk1/2 by GPCRs

    Elisabeth Cassier et al.
    Phosphoproteomics identifies β-arrestin 2 phosphorylation at Thr383 by MEK as a key step of GPCR-induced Erk½ activation, thus providing new insight into the molecular mechanism underlying β-arrestin-dependent GPCR-operated signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ULK3 regulates cytokinetic abscission by phosphorylating ESCRT-III proteins

    Anna Caballe et al.
    ULK3 is a kinase in the abscission checkpoint that temporarily inactivates ESCRT-III proteins via phosphorylation, which is required to delay cytokinesis in response to defects in mitosis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct roles of ATM and ATR in the regulation of ARP8 phosphorylation to prevent chromosome translocations

    Jiying Sun et al.
    ATM plays an important role in maintaining the fidelity of DNA repair through the regulation of ARP8 phosphorylation to prevent the chromosome abnormality.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dephosphorylation of the NPR2 guanylyl cyclase contributes to inhibition of bone growth by fibroblast growth factor

    Leia C Shuhaibar et al.
    Fibroblast growth factor induces dephosphorylation and inactivation of the NPR2 guanylyl cyclase, thus decreasing cyclic GMP production in growth plate chondrocytes and contributing to FGF-dependent decreases in bone growth.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cell-cycle dependent phosphorylation of yeast pericentrin regulates γ-TuSC-mediated microtubule nucleation

    Tien-chen Lin et al.
    Phosphorylation of Spc110 N-terminal domain encompassing conserved motifs and its interaction with conserved GCP3 N-terminal domain regulate the oligomerization of gamma-tubulin small complexes (γ-TuSCs).
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A dynamic mechanism for allosteric activation of Aurora kinase A by activation loop phosphorylation

    Emily F Ruff et al.
    Phosphorylation of Aurora A does not trigger a population shift to the active state as previously thought, but instead switches the kinase on by tuning the structure and dynamics of a dynamically sampled subpopulation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial fusion supports increased oxidative phosphorylation during cell proliferation

    Cong-Hui Yao et al.
    In addition to increasing glycolysis, some proliferating cells exhibiting the Warburg effect also increase oxidative phosphorylation through mitochondrial fusion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular tolerance at the µ-opioid receptor is phosphorylation dependent

    Seksiri Arttamangkul et al.
    The role of C-terminal phosphorylation is critical for the expression of acute desensitization, trafficking and long-term tolerance to morphine.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone H3 threonine 11 phosphorylation by Sch9 and CK2 regulates chronological lifespan by controlling the nutritional stress response

    Seunghee Oh et al.
    Histone H3T11 phosphorylation regulates chronological lifespan by linking nutritional stress-response signals to chromatin.

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