149 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Biophysics of object segmentation in a collision-detecting neuron

    Richard Burkett Dewell, Fabrizio Gabbiani
    Active dendritic processing enables an individual neuron to discriminate the spatial pattern of synaptic inputs, increasing neural and behavioral selectivity for escaping an impending threat.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurovascular sequestration in paediatric P. falciparum malaria is visible clinically in the retina

    Valentina Barrera et al.
    Clinical, clinicopathological and image data from Malawian children shows that sequestration in P. falciparum cerebral malaria is visible clinically in the eye as orange retinal vessels and is strongly associated with death.
    1. Neuroscience

    A spike sorting toolbox for up to thousands of electrodes validated with ground truth recordings in vitro and in vivo

    Pierre Yger et al.
    A spike sorting toolbox to quickly and reliably access the activity of thousands of neurons recorded with dense extracellular probes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synapse maintenance and restoration in the retina by NGL2

    Florentina Soto et al.
    Single cell knockout and overexpression reveal that the synaptic cell adhesion molecule NGL2 maintains synapses and axons, and can restore lost connections in the developing and mature retina.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural retina-specific Aldh1a1 controls dorsal choroidal vascular development via Sox9 expression in retinal pigment epithelial cells

    So Goto et al.
    Neural retina-derived retinoic acids synthesized by Aldh1a1 control choroidal vascular development by regulating RPE-secreted VEGF.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Positional information specifies the site of organ regeneration and not tissue maintenance in planarians

    Eric M Hill, Christian P Petersen
    Homeostatic tissue maintenance can occur at locations distinct from the target sites of organ regeneration planarians.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila Fezf coordinates laminar-specific connectivity through cell-intrinsic and cell-extrinsic mechanisms

    Jing Peng et al.
    Transcriptional modules underlie the step-wise construction of neural circuits in the Drosophila visual system.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Activating the regenerative potential of Müller glia cells in a regeneration-deficient retina

    Katharina Lust, Joachim Wittbrodt
    Müller glia cells in the medaka (Oryzias latipes) retina act as lineage restricted progenitors which only regenerate photoreceptors but can be activated to perform as potent stem cells using Sox2.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Reproduction: Shedding light on spawning in jellyfish

    Laurinda A Jaffe
    An opsin receptor has a central role in the production and release of eggs by female jellyfish.
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