189 results found
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Co-expression of xenopsin and rhabdomeric opsin in photoreceptors bearing microvilli and cilia

    Oliver Vöcking et al.
    The recently characterized opsin group of xenopsins is likely a major player in animal eye evolution and may have been present in an ancient, highly plastic eye photoreceptor cell type.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Connectivity map of bipolar cells and photoreceptors in the mouse retina

    Christian Behrens et al.
    A quantitative analysis of the connectivity between photoreceptors and bipolar cells in the mouse retina based on electron microscopy data yields exceptions from established rules of outer retinal connectivity.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Natural variation in stochastic photoreceptor specification and color preference in Drosophila

    Caitlin Anderson et al.
    Binding site affinity and transcription factor levels are finely tuned in nature to regulate stochastic expression, setting the ratio of alternative photoreceptor fates and determining color preference.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Complementary shifts in photoreceptor spectral tuning unlock the full adaptive potential of ultraviolet vision in birds

    Matthew B Toomey et al.
    Birds that see ultraviolet light tune the sensitivity of their short-wavelength photoreceptors with colored filters to maximize the number of colors they can see.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Photoreceptor avascular privilege is shielded by soluble VEGF receptor-1

    Ling Luo et al.
    The eye produces a protein that inhibits the growth of blood vessels in the deep retina, which includes the photoreceptor layer, and disruption of this process can lead to blindness.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The formation of the light-sensing compartment of cone photoreceptors coincides with a transcriptional switch

    Janine M Daum et al.
    Correlating changes in structure and gene expression in cone photoreceptors of mice daily, between birth and eye opening, created a resource that supports research in photoreceptor function, development, transplantation and repair.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-induced metabolic stress in retinal pigment epithelial cells is sufficient to induce photoreceptor degeneration

    Toshihide Kurihara et al.
    Mouse models in which hypoxia can be genetically triggered in retinal pigmented epithelial cells show that hypoxia-induced metabolic stress alone can lead to photoreceptor atrophy/dysfunction.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Parallel Activin and BMP signaling coordinates R7/R8 photoreceptor subtype pairing in the stochastic Drosophila retina

    Brent S Wells et al.
    TGFβ family members instruct a cell fate decision downstream of stochastic signaling in the Drosophila retina to ensure correct pairing between different color photoreceptors for color vision.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glycolytic reliance promotes anabolism in photoreceptors

    Yashodhan Chinchore et al.
    Aerobic glycolysis in rod photoreceptors of adult mice is regulated by allostery and FGF signaling and is required for maintaining outer segments.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolution: The enigmatic xenopsins

    Detlev Arendt
    A new member of the family of light-sensitive proteins called opsins has stirred up our view of photoreceptors.
    Insight
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