96 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-induced metabolic stress in retinal pigment epithelial cells is sufficient to induce photoreceptor degeneration

    Toshihide Kurihara et al.
    Mouse models in which hypoxia can be genetically triggered in retinal pigmented epithelial cells show that hypoxia-induced metabolic stress alone can lead to photoreceptor atrophy/dysfunction.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    AAV-Txnip prolongs cone survival and vision in mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Yunlu Xue et al.
    AAV-Txnip prolongs vision in mouse models of blindness, enhancing lactate catabolism, mitochondrial health, and ATP production in a condition that likely has a limited glucose supply.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glycolytic reliance promotes anabolism in photoreceptors

    Yashodhan Chinchore et al.
    Aerobic glycolysis in rod photoreceptors of adult mice is regulated by allostery and FGF signaling and is required for maintaining outer segments.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Biochemical adaptations of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium support a metabolic ecosystem in the vertebrate eye

    Mark A Kanow et al.
    Metabolic relationships between cells in the retina and retinal pigment epithelium are fundamental to retinal function, retinal disease and age-related vision loss and they may provide strategies for metabolism-based therapies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired ABCA1/ABCG1-mediated lipid efflux in the mouse retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) leads to retinal degeneration

    Federica Storti et al.
    Lipid efflux by the retinal pigment epithelium is crucial for proper retinal integrity and function, and its impairment may contribute to diseases like age-related macular degeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Post-translational regulation of retinal IMPDH1 in vivo to adjust GTP synthesis to illumination conditions

    Anna Plana-Bonamaisó et al.
    The nucleotide sensing ability of IMPDH1 at the Bateman domain is regulated by light-dependent phosphorylation in the retina, to adjust GTP synthesis to illumination conditions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Differing isoforms of the cobalamin binding photoreceptor AerR oppositely regulate photosystem expression

    Haruki Yamamoto et al.
    A novel B12 containing photoreceptor is synthesized as two different isoforms that interact with the same transcription factor, with one isoform directing activation and the other promoting repression of photosystem synthesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    The β-alanine transporter BalaT is required for visual neurotransmission in Drosophila

    Yongchao Han et al.
    BalaT-dependent β-alanine trafficking pathway in retinal pigment cells is critical for maintaining synaptic transmission of photoreceptor neurons in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human macular Müller cells rely more on serine biosynthesis to combat oxidative stress than those from the periphery

    Ting Zhang et al.
    The important role of serine biosynthesis in Müller cells may explain why the macula is so much more prone to developing disease than the rest of the retina.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Complementary shifts in photoreceptor spectral tuning unlock the full adaptive potential of ultraviolet vision in birds

    Matthew B Toomey et al.
    Birds that see ultraviolet light tune the sensitivity of their short-wavelength photoreceptors with colored filters to maximize the number of colors they can see.

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