9 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The contrasting phylodynamics of human influenza B viruses

    Dhanasekaran Vijaykrishna et al.
    The analysis of the genomes of two lineages of influenza B virus (Victoria and Yamagata) reveal that their phylodynamics are fundamentally different, and are determined by a complex relationship between virus transmission, age of infection and receptor binding preference.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Coupling adaptive molecular evolution to phylodynamics using fitness-dependent birth-death models

    David A Rasmussen, Tanja Stadler
    A new model describes how adaptive molecular evolution shapes phylogenetic trees and can be used to estimate the fitness effects of mutations from phylogenies.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Phylodynamic theory of persistence, extinction and speciation of rapidly adapting pathogens

    Le Yan et al.
    A model of pathogen co-evolving with host population continuously acquiring immunity is used to identify evolutionary parameters allowing pathogen population to persist without going extinct or splitting into independent lineages.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The effects of a deleterious mutation load on patterns of influenza A/H3N2's antigenic evolution in humans

    Katia Koelle, David A Rasmussen
    Deleterious mutations slow down flu's antigenic evolution, make it more punctuated in nature, and reduce the virus's genetic diversity.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MERS-CoV spillover at the camel-human interface

    Gytis Dudas et al.
    MERS-CoV infections in the Arabian Peninsula are the result of several hundred spillover events from viruses circulating in camels into the human population.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Improving pandemic influenza risk assessment

    Colin A Russell et al.
    Predicting the pandemic potential of influenza viruses from genetic sequence data could transform pandemic risk assessment but progress towards this goal will require the integration of experimental work, computational tools, and virus surveillance.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Mapping imported malaria in Bangladesh using parasite genetic and human mobility data

    Hsiao-Han Chang et al.
    Human mobility drives malaria importation within countries and threatens elimination interventions, but can be measured using new approaches that combine parasite genetics, mobile phone data, travel surveys and models.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Compensatory evolution drives multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Central Asia

    Matthias Merker et al.
    The genetic make-up of dominating MDR-TB clades in Central Asia is shaped by programmatic and socio-economic changes that led to fixation of resistance and bacterial fitness related mutations in the Soviet era.

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