542 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Long-term balancing selection drives evolution of immunity genes in Capsella

    Daniel Koenig et al.
    Retention of genetic diversity at immune-related loci drives the pattern of genetic variation in selfing Capsella.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extensive transmission of microbes along the gastrointestinal tract

    Thomas SB Schmidt et al.
    Microbial populations are continuous along the gastrointestinal tract, with increased transmission in colorectal cancer and rheumatoid arthritis patients.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Philosophy of Biology: Towards a classification of stem cells

    Lucie Laplane, Eric Solary
    The occurrence, progression and treatment of cancer may be linked to changes in the nature of stemness.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple pairs of allelic MLA immune receptor-powdery mildew AVRA effectors argue for a direct recognition mechanism

    Isabel ML Saur et al.
    Allelic MLA immune receptors have an exceptional propensity to directly detect sequence-unrelated pathogen effectors and this feature might have facilitated functional diversification of the receptor in the host population.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional characterization of the murine lipid scramblase TMEM16F

    Carolina Alvadia et al.
    While activated by a common mechanism, both functions in TMEM16F - lipid scrambling and ion conduction - are likely mediated by alternate protein conformations that are at equilibrium in the ligand-bound state.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Somatic mutations in early metazoan genes disrupt regulatory links between unicellular and multicellular genes in cancer

    Anna S Trigos et al.
    Cancer is a consequence of the release of basal cellular functions inherited from our unicellular ancestors from the control of regulatory networks that evolved during the emergence of multicellularity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Amplification of a broad transcriptional program by a common factor triggers the meiotic cell cycle in mice

    Mina L Kojima et al.
    The switch from mitotic cell cycles to the one meiotic cell cycle in each generation is triggered through dramatic upregulation of a broad gene expression program by transcriptional regulator STRA8.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    TMEM266 is a functional voltage sensor regulated by extracellular Zn2+

    Ferenc Papp et al.
    Transmembrane protein 266 contains a functional S1-S4 voltage-sensing domain that is regulated by extracellular Zn2+ ions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The molecular basis for an allosteric inhibition of K+-flux gating in K2P channels

    Susanne Rinné et al.
    A combined systematic alanine scanning and molecular modelling approach reveals the molecular basis for an allosteric inhibition mechanism of K+-flux gating in K2P channels.

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