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    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Aerotaxis in the closest relatives of animals

    Julius B Kirkegaard et al.
    The colony-forming choanoflagellate Salpingoeca rosetta is capable of moving towards oxygen using logarithmic sensing of oxygen concentrations and a navigation strategy that involves random movements.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Expanding xylose metabolism in yeast for plant cell wall conversion to biofuels

    Xin Li et al.
    Parallel pathways of xylose metabolism identified in fungi that grow on plants can be used in yeast to promote hemicellulose conversion to biofuels.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Rapid re-identification of human samples using portable DNA sequencing

    Sophie Zaaijer et al.
    DNA fingerprinting by portable nanopore sequencing is a novel re-identification method with applications in (clinical) laboratories and biobanks.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Intrinsic cooperativity potentiates parallel cis-regulatory evolution

    Trevor R Sorrells et al.
    Cooperativity between two transcription regulators occurs through protein-protein interactions with a general transcription factor complex and potentiates the parallel evolution of their DNA binding sites.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of malodour precursor transport in the human axilla

    Gurdeep S Minhas et al.
    Discovery of the structural basis for recognition and uptake of a human precursor for body odour production reveals an important role for bacterial peptide transport and novel routes to prevent its production in humans.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Polo-like kinase Cdc5 regulates Spc72 recruitment to spindle pole body in the methylotrophic yeast Ogataea polymorpha

    Hiromi Maekawa et al.
    Cdc5-dependent SPB regulation is linked to delayed cytoplasmic microtubule organization in Ogataea polymorpha.
    1. Neuroscience

    Luqin-like RYamide peptides regulate food-evoked responses in C. elegans

    Hayao Ohno et al.
    Identification and functional characterization of C. elegans luqin-like arginine-tyrosine-NH2 (RYamide) peptides reveal their critical role in feeding-related processes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The distribution of fitness effects among synonymous mutations in a gene under directional selection

    Eleonore Lebeuf-Taylor et al.
    Synonymous mutations can have highly variable fitness effects stemming from changes in transcription, some of which contribute to adaptation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    DDM1 and Lsh remodelers allow methylation of DNA wrapped in nucleosomes

    David B Lyons, Daniel Zilberman
    Nucleosomes and linker histones block eukaryotic cytosine methylation.