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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MERS-CoV spillover at the camel-human interface

    Gytis Dudas et al.
    MERS-CoV infections in the Arabian Peninsula are the result of several hundred spillover events from viruses circulating in camels into the human population.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics enables discovery of novel microbial lineages from complex environmental samples

    Feiqiao Brian Yu et al.
    Microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics enables the investigation of environmental microbial communities in high-throughput and with single-cell resolution, facilitating genome binning and quantification of function, abundance, and genome variation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The inherent mutational tolerance and antigenic evolvability of influenza hemagglutinin

    Bargavi Thyagarajan, Jesse D Bloom
    Deep mutational scanning was used to comprehensively quantify the effects of mutations to influenza hemagglutinin and shows that the virus possesses a high inherent mutational tolerance at key antigenic sites.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Emergence and evolution of an interaction between intrinsically disordered proteins

    Greta Hultqvist et al.
    The resurrection of ancient ancestral intrinsically disordered proteins reveals the evolution of a protein-protein interaction in molecular detail.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionary routes to biochemical innovation revealed by integrative analysis of a plant-defense related specialized metabolic pathway

    Gaurav D Moghe et al.
    Integrative analysis of a specialized metabolic pathway across multiple non-model species illustrates mechanisms of emergence of chemical novelty in plant metabolism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An updated phylogeny of the Alphaproteobacteria reveals that the parasitic Rickettsiales and Holosporales have independent origins

    Sergio A Muñoz-Gómez et al.
    Diverse sophisticated phylogenetic analyses update the phylogeny of the Alphaproteobacteria and show that the parasitic Holosporales is a derived group within the Rhodospirillales order which comprises primarily free-living alphaproteobacteria.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Origin and evolution of transporter substrate specificity within the NPF family

    Morten Egevang Jørgensen et al.
    Phylogenetic and biochemical analyses reveals a shared evolutionary path between biosynthesis and transport of defense metabolites in plants.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary principles of modular gene regulation in yeasts

    Dawn A Thompson et al.
    The divergence of gene regulation during evolution in yeast traces phylogenetic distance with prominent changes being associated with changes in lifestyle and a whole genome duplication event.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Discovery of a metabolic alternative to the classical mevalonate pathway

    Nikki Dellas et al.
    A combination of phylogenetic and biochemical analyses suggest that some unexpected variations in the synthesis of isoprenoids may be widespread across all three domains of life.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomic analysis supports the ancestral presence of LPS-outer membranes in the Firmicutes

    Luisa CS Antunes et al.
    Phylogenomics provides support for the Gram-positive type of bacterial cell envelope being a derived character that arose independently multiple times through loss of an ancestral outer membrane.